Designer Baby And Designer Babies Essay

Designer Baby And Designer Babies Essay

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A “designer baby” is a baby genetically engineered in vitro for specially selected traits, which can vary from lowered disease-risk to gender selection to eye, or hair color. Before genetic engineering and in vitro fertilization (IVF), “designer babies” were only a science fiction concept. However, the rapid pace of technology makes designer babies an increasingly real possibility. Designer babies represent an area within embryology that has not yet become a practical reality, but has started to draw out ethical concerns about whether or not it will become necessary to put on some limitations regarding designer babies in the future. Vitro Fertilization helps infertile couples become pregnant by joining the egg and sperm together in an embryology laboratory where embryos are created that can later be transferred back into the woman 's uterus. The prospect of engineering a child with specific traits is not far-fetched. IVF has become a very common procedure to help all the couples with infertility problems conceive children, and the practice of IVF has the ability to pre-select embryos before implantation. For example, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) allows viable embryos to be screened for various genetic traits, such as sex-linked diseases, before implanting them in the mother. Through PGD, physicians can select embryos that are not likely to have a certain genetic condition. For this reason, PGD is commonly used in medicine when parents carry genes that place their children at risk for serious diseases such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell anemia. Present technological capabilities point to PGD as the likely method for selecting traits. Even though technology has advanced and “designer babies” are being created more ofte...


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... favor of designer baby technologies suggest that parents already possess a high degree of control over the outcome of their children’s lives in the form of environmental choices, and that this should set the concerns of some of the ethical concerns facing genetic selection. Around 7.9 million children each year are born with a serious birth defect that has a significant genetic contribution. If we could safely and easily correct these errors at the embryonic stage it would be possible to virtually destroy completely this disease burden. In addition, 30% of all deaths worldwide are due to chronic diseases (such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes) in those under 70. We all know of people who seem innately resistant to the perils of ageing and flourish well into their 80s and 90s. Gene editing could ensure we all have the best chance to live healthily into old age.

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