Essay on Descriptive Grammar Vs Prescriptive Grammar

Essay on Descriptive Grammar Vs Prescriptive Grammar

Length: 1211 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Descriptive Grammar Vs. Prescriptive Grammar
When grammar is put to use in a society, people will often have different beliefs at what is the "right" or "proper" usage. This had led to the formation of two widely accepted forms of grammar, Prescriptivism and Descriptivism. These forms will often separate those who believe their form of grammar is the only correct way from those who use many forms they find to be acceptable. Descriptive grammar is formed by analyzing how speakers use a language, and deducing the rules they follow. Linguists create descriptive grammars in order to understand language more deeply. They understand that a single language can have multiple dialects, and that each dialect will have its own grammatical rules--internally consistent, but perhaps different from other dialects of the same language. The rules they deduce are sometimes more nuanced than the ones taught by prescriptivists. An example of descriptive grammar can be explained using the following sentence. "We have unfinished business to take care of, He and I. Descriptivist 's will accept this form of the sentence, as well as the form "He and I have unfinished business to take care of" Prescriptive grammar is a set of rules for using language that are taught, or enforced, so that people will use the language in a particular way. Prescriptivists will often include schoolteachers, copyeditors, and others charged with correcting people 's use of the language. Prescriptivists start with the assumption that there is one "correct" way to use the language, and many incorrect ways. The "correct" version is actually the language 's prestige dialect, especially its written version--for example, Standard American English. To oversimplify a bit, the "pre...


... middle of paper ...


... clauses that can stand alone as complete thoughts. It also includes parts of speech (noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, conjunction, preposition, and interjection). Grammar also works with word choice, or usage, which may or may not be considered a part of grammar, depending on whom you ask; word choice involves selecting the right word or form of a word to convey the intended meaning. Spelling and punctuation are ancillary to grammar and essential elements of writing well, properly structuring sentences, and accurately being understood.; they are commonly considered one with grammar. Since the writing process should entail at least one or two rounds of rewriting, editing, and proofreading after the initial writing is done, conscientious writers or writers looking to improve their craft have opportunity to fix their grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Prescriptive Grammar Is Important Part Essay

- Descriptive grammar is the set of rules on how people actually use the language; but the important part is the rules over history for Standard English, which is known as prescriptive grammar. Prescriptive grammar is used more as an aid to learning grammar because it is what editors and teachers think people should use when speaking and writing. The teachers and editors are the ones who are said to make up the prescriptive grammar rules now (Cruzan). Since then prescriptive grammar has changed throughout time because language has changed....   [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Education]

Strong Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Formal Structure And Prescriptive Grammar Essay

- In academic writing, formal structure and prescriptive grammar are utilized for a variety of reasons: to convey ideas clearly, to seem professional, to demonstrate our level of education and vocabulary, to allow a benchmark for grading, and because it is simply the way people are taught in school. However, do these current measures truly have a place in academia. Do these standards harm more than they help. And is the way we teach writing truly the optimal way. There are many reasons why the current standards for academic writing should become more flexible....   [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Language, English language]

Strong Essays
2414 words (6.9 pages)

Essay about The Benefits of Studying Grammar

- Grammar has two primary approaches—prescriptive and descriptive. Prescriptive grammar is the general approach of right versus wrong, and historically the kind of approach overzealous English teachers apply to their students. Popular culture has lovingly deemed the rigid prescriptive grammarian the “Grammar Nazi,” which actually refers to the grade school graduate who clings tightly to the Latin based traditional rules and enforces those rules online. Due to these perspectives and due to various studies performed in classrooms, many have been rebuffing the study of grammar in schools....   [tags: Grammar and Writing]

Strong Essays
2583 words (7.4 pages)

Summary Of ' On The Need Of Some Grammar ' Essay

- Summary of “On the Need of Some Grammar” 1. In his chapter “On the Need of Some Grammar” found in Modern American Usage, Wilson Follett argues that we need grammar to govern our language. 2. Follett explains that the type of grammar we need is traditional. A traditional approach to grammar involves an emphasis on syntax. Syntax deals with how words relate to each other in a sentence. This knowledge of how words work together provides the type of logical analysis necessary to speak and write correctly....   [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Linguistic prescription]

Strong Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Definition And Definition Of Functional Grammar Essay

- ... It therefore makes sense to teach grammar and language in context so that students can learn and understand how their usefulness in specific situations. Furthermore, grammatical elements work together in a sentence to form meaning and words in a sentence work together to form meaning. Therefore, why would we try to teach such things in isolation without context or meaning. Students are much more likely to grasp language and concepts if they can visualize them in a meaningful context and be able to decipher their uses through careful examination....   [tags: Linguistics, Meaning of life, Sentence, Writing]

Strong Essays
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Grammar Translation Method ( Gtm )

- ... For instance, a child might imitate a parents’s use of the word duck. The parent, upon hearing the child’s word , might provide positive reinforcement such as ‘yes, it is a duck’ and a smile, or, alternatively, might look away if the child’s utterance is not comprehended. In this way, the child’s more target-like utterance are rewarded ( and thus tend to be repeated) while the non- target-like utterances are ‘punished’. He concludes that, ‘ behaviorism tend to focus on observable behaviors rather than internal or innate process.Accordingly they assume that children are essentially’interested’bystanders, bringing no special abilities or innate machanisms to bear on the language p...   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]

Strong Essays
1226 words (3.5 pages)

Traditional Grammar Method Essay

- In the nineteenth century, the golden age of biology, the open evolving system of living organism carries a lot of weight. Hence, the traditional linguists took biology as a model of language as well. Language was considered as a living creature which can be grown and changed - live and dead. The changing lead to the degenerate of language in the present day - the spoken language, so the traditional linguists cling to the purest form’s principle in order to seize the accuracy of the language. The purest form is the written language which founded on the study of Latin and Greek....   [tags: Language]

Strong Essays
1518 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Prescriptive Approach Vs Descriptive Approach to Language

- French grammarian, Dominique Bonhours, proved on his deathbed that a grammarians work is never done when he gazed at those around his deathbed and whispered, "I am about to- or I am going to- die; either expression is used." Language is in a constant state of flux and there is always controversy to changes in and attitudes towards language. This is not something new, as it was the Romans that said the Vikings speech sounded like the 'cawing of crows' because of their harsh guttural sounds....   [tags: Linguistics]

Strong Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)

Essay Teaching English As A Foreign Language

- ... Even if the L2 learners receive some exposure, it is received not through the native speakers but through those who themselves have learnt the target language as L2. In such a situation, for an effective learning of L2, learning of grammar becomes very necessary. According to C. Paul Varghese, "A knowledge of grammar is perhaps more important to a second-language learner than to a native speaker. This is because in the process of acquiring the language the native speaker has intuitively internalized the grammar of the language whereas the second language learner has to make a conscious effort to master those aspects of the language which account for grammaticality....   [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Second language]

Strong Essays
1120 words (3.2 pages)

Descriptive Bibliography On Prescriptive Authority Essay

- ... APRNs serve imperative responsibilities in providing acute, pediatric, and maternity care along with adult mental health therapy, primary care, and chronic disease management. APRNs are RNs with additional training, education, and qualifications in a definite area of specialty. Six years ago, there were somewhat more than 7,000 licensed APRNs in Georgia. In 2014, the number went up to over 9,500. This mirrors up to date national trends of vast growth in the nursing profession (Shilling & Hodnicki, 2015)....   [tags: Health care, Medicine, Nursing]

Strong Essays
1057 words (3 pages)