When grammar is put to use in a society, people will often have different beliefs at what is the "right" or "proper" usage. This had led to the formation of two widely accepted forms of grammar, Prescriptivism and Descriptivism. These forms will often separate those who believe their form of grammar is the only correct way from those who use many forms they find to be acceptable. Descriptive grammar is formed by analyzing how speakers use a language, and deducing the rules they follow. Linguists create descriptive grammars in order to understand language more deeply. They understand that a single language can have multiple dialects, and that each dialect will have its own grammatical rules--internally consistent, but perhaps different from other dialects of the same language. The rules they deduce are sometimes more nuanced than the ones taught by prescriptivists. An example of descriptive grammar can be explained using the following sentence. "We have unfinished business to take care of, He and I. Descriptivist 's will accept this form of the sentence, as well as the form "He and I have unfinished business to take care of" Prescriptive grammar is a set of rules for using language that are taught, or enforced, so that people will use the language in a particular way. Prescriptivists will often include schoolteachers, copyeditors, and others charged with correcting people 's use of the language. Prescriptivists start with the assumption that there is one "correct" way to use the language, and many incorrect ways. The "correct" version is actually the language 's prestige dialect, especially its written version--for example, Standard American English. To oversimplify a bit, the "pre...
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... clauses that can stand alone as complete thoughts. It also includes parts of speech (noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, conjunction, preposition, and interjection). Grammar also works with word choice, or usage, which may or may not be considered a part of grammar, depending on whom you ask; word choice involves selecting the right word or form of a word to convey the intended meaning. Spelling and punctuation are ancillary to grammar and essential elements of writing well, properly structuring sentences, and accurately being understood.; they are commonly considered one with grammar. Since the writing process should entail at least one or two rounds of rewriting, editing, and proofreading after the initial writing is done, conscientious writers or writers looking to improve their craft have opportunity to fix their grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes.
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