Diabetes is an advancing health condition where there is excessive amounts of sugar circulating in the body 's bloodstream (Matthews, 2008). Glucose, which is the main sugar found within the body, is a key component in cells making energy and is essential for overall good health (Matthews, 2008). The function of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is to assist the cells in our body to use glucose for energy and to effectively control the blood glucose levels in the bloodstream (Matthews, 2008). In a normal system the blood sugar will rise and the pancreas will release insulin when a person ingests food. From there, the insulin attaches onto cells and allows glucose to be absorbed in from the blood, as a result the blood sugar will return to normal. Type 2 diabetes is where the body is either not producing enough insulin, or the insulin being produced is not working properly (Diabetes UK, 2015). This means a pancreas will produce insulin that does not help at lowering the levels of blood sugar in the body if a person has type 2 diabetes (Donath & Shoelson, 2011). The development of insulin resistance—a condition where insulin does not work at lowering the glucose levels in the blood due to the cells being less sensitive to insulin—has been linked with obesity, ageing, inactivity and diet (Donath & Shoelson, 2011). Type 2 diabetes generally takes a long time to acquire than other forms of diabetes, and has been linked with lifestyle factors; for instance, lack of physical activity, unhealthy diet and increased weight gain (Matthews, 2008). The main symptoms of type 2 diabetes are similar to those of type 1, which are thirst, frequent urination and blurred vision (Diabetes UK, 2015). That being ...
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...ey might have to take more sick days when the pain is bad, or have to leave their job entirely because they can no longer work safely. Diabetic complications can be reduced with controlled blood glucose, blood fats and blood pressure (Matthews, 2008). A person diagnosed with type 2 diabetes may need to incorporate oral medication into their daily life, and, if bad enough, insulin might be needed to control their blood sugar levels (WHO, 2015). The many types of oral medication, like metformin, sulphonylureas, thiazolidinediones and meglitinides, all generally help those with type 2 diabetes attain proper blood sugar levels (Matthews, 2008). It is important to know that medication does not fully cure the disease, so people with type 2 diabetes need to balance their physical activity, and what they eat, by watching their sugar, fat and salt intake (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
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