The microbial loop is the most critical process in the marine food web, because it increases the efficiency of the system by making dissolved organic matter available to other organisms in the food web. It provides the matter and energy for the rest of the system and keeps the energy flowing. These in turn have implications on very important resources such as productivity of fisheries or how much carbon is able to reach the ocean floor. In this paper, research was done to see why and how the microbial loop is such an important process in the oceans. Also discussed in this paper, are what the loop consists of, how it operates, the matter and energy that cycles through the loop, as well...
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...nd J.M. Davies. 1986. Bacterioplankton: A sink for carbon in a coastal marine plankton community. Science 232:865–867.
Hasegawa, T. 2000. Release of dissolved organic nitrogen by size-fractionated natural planktonic assemblages in coastal waters. Marine Ecology 198: 43-49.
Kirchman, D.L., Moran X.A., Ducklow, H. 2009. Microbial growth in the polar oceans-role of temperature and potential impact of climate change. Nature Reviews: Microbiology 7: 451-480.
Pomeroy, L.R., Williams, P.J., Azam, F., Hobbie, J. 2007. The microbial loop. Oceanography 20: 28-33.
Pomeroy, L.R. 1988. Building bridges across sub- disciplines in marine ecology. Scientia Marina 69(suppl. 1):5–12.
Whitman, W.B., D.C. Coleman, and W.J. Wiebe. 1998. Prokaryotes. The unseen majority. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95:6,578–6,583.
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