Description of Substance Abuse Disorders Essay

Description of Substance Abuse Disorders Essay

Length: 627 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The National Institute on Drug Abuse defines addiction as a, “chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. From this it considers addiction as a brain disease because drugs change the brain - they change its structure and how it works.” Changes in the brain can be long lasting as well as having the possibility of leading to progress the harmful behaviors demonstrated in people who abuse substances.. In the past decade, there has been an escalating awareness by the scientific community that substance abuse disorders are medical disorders with biologic, chemical, and environmental causes. Where as in the past substance abuse and addiction had been considered solely behavioral problems, there is now a consistent body of evidence that these disorders actually have more extensive effects and can worsen preexisting medical conditions, temporarily mimic certain psychiatric disorders, and cause other medical problems. “Moreover, substance use disorders are common: the lifetime prevalence of these syndromes, including alcoholism, is over 20% for men and about 15% for women, with young and middle-aged persons most heavily affected. On any given day, the average clinician is likely to see patients with substance use disorders and related problems.” (Moeller)
Among the many definitions of addiction, there is yet another that defines it from a biochemical perspective. Professor of Psychology and author Harry B. Milkman defines addiction as " self-induced changes in neurotransmission that result in social problem behaviors." This definition touches on the psychological, biochemical and social aspects of addictive processes. “It is not limited specifically to substance...


... middle of paper ...


...y Information, “Clinical and laboratory observations have converged on the hypothesis that addiction represents the pathological usurpation of neural processes that normally serve reward-related learning.” The major substrates of persistent compulsive drug use are hypothesized to be molecular and cellular mechanisms that underlie long-term associative memories in several forebrain circuits (involving the ventral and dorsal striatum and prefrontal cortex) that receive input from midbrain dopamine neurons.
Addiction is a disease that may affect the psychology of the brain but that is due to the chemical effects of the drug abuse on the human body. Though in my opinion, it seems you cannot have one without the other, since the assignment was to chose one side over the other I would say that the cause of addiction is mostly physiological as opposed to psychological.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Drugs And Substance Use Disorders

- Using substances in excess can lead to substance use disorders. Substances that are abused include prescription medications used to treat anxiety, insomnia, or pain; legal substances such as alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, and household chemicals; and ille-gal substances such as methamphetamine, cocaine, and heroin. Chronic exposure to a substance often results in physiological dependence.Each of these substances can create physical; social; psychological; and, some-times, legal problems. Addiction involves compulsive drug-seeking behavior and a loss of control over drug use....   [tags: Heroin, Morphine, Drug, Drug addiction]

Good Essays
1264 words (3.6 pages)

Parental Attachment and Substance Abuse Essay

- Attachment and Substance Abuse Parental attachment, defined as a persevering emotional bond and involved interaction between parent and child, has not been critically studied with respect to the development of substance use disorders (SUDs) (Zhai, Kirisci, Tarter, & Ridenour, 2014). One probable reason for this is the consideration that attachment is generally established by two years of age and the manifestation of SUDs often appears nearly two decades later (Zhai et al., 2014). Therefore, long-term documentation is necessary to track the influence of parent-child bonding on SUDs and SUD etiology (Lander, Howsare, & Byrne, 2013)....   [tags: alcohol-dependence, isolation, insecurities]

Good Essays
1991 words (5.7 pages)

The Effects Of Substance Abuse On The Homeless Population Essay

- Homeless people experience higher substance use than the general population. Substance abuse is over indulgence of an additive substance such as alcohol or drugs. Several factors contribute to substance abuse in the homeless population. For example, negative social capital, poverty, lack of housing and treatment plans. It has been proven that homeless people population become vulnerable to substance abuse based on anthropological and social work perspectives. The six literature review will provide further details to support the homeless population....   [tags: Drug addiction, Homelessness, Begging, Addiction]

Good Essays
838 words (2.4 pages)

Sleep Disorders Can Cause Severe Health Problems Essay

- Sleep Disorders Millions of people around the world suffer from a sleep disorder. Sleeping disorders affect over seventy-five percent of people in America. Sleep disorders can cause severe health problems in any person. Sleep is very important when trying to have good health, but sleep disorders cause many people to not get a sufficient amount of sleep. There are many types of sleep disorders such as, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, insomnia, nightmares, and night terrors. Sleep disorders can cause people to not sleep well at night and be extremely tired throughout the day....   [tags: Sleep disorder, Sleep, Sleep disorders, Insomnia]

Good Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Therapeutic Use of Drumming Description Essay

- Music, as a form of therapy, has been steadily growing as an effective intervention for a diversity of populations. Drumming in particular, has been identified as a form of healing for centuries and remains a tradition in a variety of cultures to this day. In the field of Recreation Therapy, therapeutic drumming can prove to be an invaluable intervention in program development for select populations. There has been a substantial amount of clinical research that supports therapeutic drumming, much of which relates directly to recreational and rehabilitative purposes....   [tags: music therapy, drumming, drums]

Good Essays
1115 words (3.2 pages)

Essay Description Of The New Age Services Corporation

- Position Description Chief Operating Officer Organization Description of Organization: New Age Services Corporation (NASC) is a DASA licensed agency established in 1984. NASC—an outpatient adult behavioral health provider—offers services and treatment for those suffering from substance abuse and mental health disorders. We provide substance use/mental health assessments, individual and group counseling, medication assisted treatment, and substance use screening in a community-based health care facility....   [tags: Management, Business, Strategic management]

Good Essays
1277 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Motherhood: Addicted Mothers

- Methods This study investigated motherhood from substance addicted mothers’own perspective. The survey was conducted at an inpatient ward at a substance abuse clinic in Norway. To gain new insight about the participant`s life-world, a qualitative methodology is the best approach (Kvale, 2002). Data were collected using individual semi-structured in-depth interviews, in order to produce thick descriptions. A thick description is one that explains a human behavior in its context, so that the behavior becomes meaningful, also from an outsiders’ point of view....   [tags: mental health, substance abuse]

Good Essays
955 words (2.7 pages)

The Comparison of Two Interventions for Homeless Youth Substance Abusers

- If good intentions, well-meaning programs, and humanitarian gestures could end homelessness, it would be history by now. Since they don’t, it is time to do something different, something that solves the problem, not services the disgrace. (Philip Mangano, United States Interagency Council on Homelessness). The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) defines homeless youth as individuals who are “not more than 21 years of age … for whom it is not possible to live in a safe environment with a relative and who have no other safe alternative living arrangement.” Implicit in this definition is the notion that homeless youth are not accompanied by a parent or guardian (Haber & Toro, 2004)....   [tags: community, counciling, ethics]

Good Essays
1159 words (3.3 pages)

Understanding Personality Disorders Essay

- I. Basics A. Description 1. A condition with onset at or before adolescence characterized by persistent patterns of dysfunctional behavior (excessive emotionality & attention seeking) deviating from one's culture and social environment that lead to functional impairment and distress to the individual and those who have regular interaction with the individual. 2. Behaviors are perceived by the patient to be "normal" and "right" and they have little insight as to their responsibility for these behaviors....   [tags: ]

Free Essays
824 words (2.4 pages)

The Dangers Of Alcohol And Drug Abuse Essay

- The use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs during adolescence and early adulthood remains a serious health problem in the United States. Among the drug classes, alcohol is the most frequently used substance by adolescents and that is followed by marijuana and tobacco. The consequences of alcohol and drug abuse are critical on both a personal and social level. For the developing young adult drug and alcohol abuse threatens motivation, hinders the cognitive processes, increases the risk of accidental injury or death, and contributes to debilitating mood disorders....   [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction]

Good Essays
1551 words (4.4 pages)