Why are there such major ocean temperatures around the Earth? Due to the fact that the earth is spherical, sunlight penetrates the atmosphere at various angles. In some locations such as the poles, much of the sunlight is reflected or has to pass through much more of our atmosphere before reaching the oceans. Along the equator, most oceans receive generous amounts of sunlight, which warm the water. The light that makes it through the atmosphere will then travel through the ocean waters until all of the energy has dissipated. I learned that there were 3 layers to the ocean and the temperature is pretty much constant in the Deep Bottom water no matter the depth or location. Scientists have been studying our ocean and exploring the depths for a long time now. In my research I came across a program called Argo. Argo is a program that releases profiling floats that measure temp...
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...ents are produced from marine animal waste and decomposition. The surface of the ocean lacks nutrients and the bottom usually has a plentiful amount due to dense objects such as waste sinking. Plants use this as nutrition and are located in the ocean shallow enough to receive light so they can carry out photosynthesis. When an upwelling occurs it brings nutrients up from the bottom to the surface and these places usually are flourishing with life. Once you hit the thermocline plants cannot grow due to a lack of nutrients, which is something I was unaware of. Scientists have observed marine plants and have gathered much information pertaining to where they can live. Plants need sunlight in order to do photosynthesis and once no sunlight exists in the ocean, plant life also stops growing here. Nutrients matter because without it, marine organisms would cease to exist.
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