Description in Detail of the Humanistic Theories by Rogers and Maslow Essay

Description in Detail of the Humanistic Theories by Rogers and Maslow Essay

Length: 1507 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

1. Introduction
Humanistic approach focuses on human existence, where people have unique qualities that include creativity, freewill or freedom, potential and personal growth. People like Carl Rogers who have brought about person-centred theory and Abraham Maslow who has developed a hierarchy of needs, where he emphasized on self-actualization. There is an evaluation on both Rogers and Maslow theories, on how they are based on their own assumptions and views, and I apply Maslow’s theory of self-actualization into my own personal life.
2. Description in detail of the Humanistic theories by Rogers (person-centred) and Maslow (self-actualization) and the evaluation of both theories.
2.1 Rogers (person-centred theory) humanistic theory:
The person-centred theory it is an approach that emphasize on a person’s subjective point of view (Weiten, 2014). The approach is concerned chiefly with one’s own interests, well-being, etc. Basically the self or self-concept (Rogers, 1959). Rogers (1959) state the person-centred approach, as an approach that apply the person-centred approach to the therapy situation; and to understand human relationship in different areas of life such as psychotherapy and counselling (client-centred therapy), education (student-centred learning) organization and other group setting (Rogers, 1959).
Self-actualization happens when a person’s ideal self (who they want to be) is corresponding or congruent in character with their actual behaviour (self-image) (Rogers, 1959). A person who is actualizing is considered as fully functioning person (Rogers, 1959). This implies that the person is in touch with his or her feeling and experiences, which are continuously growing and changing. According to Weiten (2014) ”Incongruenc...

... middle of paper ...

... strive to develop them to feel good of becoming myself. So I always tell myself I may look like my father, but I will never behave like him. I will continue to try to help him in any way, and pursue my studies in order to become a professional social worker who tries to make life better for all people and help them to look forward for tomorrow .
3. Conclusion
The humanistic approach has been discussed. This has been captured by Maslow’s theory of self-actualization which is about psychological growth; fulfilment and satisfaction in life and Rogers’s believe that people can have a conception of themselves. I have evaluated Rogers’s therapy about its ineffectiveness in severe illness and how Maslow’s theory of self-actualization was researched from biased case studies. I have also applied Maslow’s theory of self-actualization to my personal everyday life honestly.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Theories Of Maslow And Bandura Essay

- In the film, “Batman Begins” Bruce Wayne’s journey to become the Batman is explored (Franco, Orleans, Roven, Thomas, Nolan, 2005). This essay applies the theories of Maslow and Bandura, in an effort to determine whose theory makes better sense of Bruce. Maslow believed that there was a hierarchy of five innate needs that influence people’s behaviors (Schultz & Schultz, 2013, p.246-247). In a pyramid fashion, at the base are physiological needs, followed by safety needs, then belonginess and love needs, succeeded by esteem needs, and finally the need for self-actualization....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Abraham Maslow]

Powerful Essays
1347 words (3.8 pages)

Maslow 's Motivation And Heider 's Attribution Theories Essay

- ... Their choice is influenced by motivation, self-efficacy, and personality traits. In contrast, Heider’s Attribution theory stresses dispositional or internal factors. According to these factors, Attribution theory attempts to explain the behavior of other people or events (Current Nursing, 2013). This theory correlates with our study because we will be examining internal and dispositional factors of successful nursing students. As mentioned previously, our hypothesis states: “If students are highly motivated, show an introverted personality while managing their stress and emotions, they will be successful in the nursing program.” Maslow’s theory suggests that motivation occurs through un...   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Powerful Essays
762 words (2.2 pages)

Analysing Two Humanistic Theories: Person Centered and Self Actualisation

- ... Childhood can promote congruence or incongruence between once self-concept and reality (Wieten, 2014). In childhood individuals need love and acceptance from others. Parents make their love conditional or unconditional. Unconditional affection, children do not necessarily need to change unworthy experiences because they know they are worthy of love or affection. For example children with high confidence, brave children who would present their speech in front of millions of people. Conditional affection promote congruence, children do not distort their experience to feel worthy because they believe that they are worthy....   [tags: Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, ]

Powerful Essays
946 words (2.7 pages)

Motivation Theories : Maslow, Herzberg, And Mcclelland Essay

- Motivation Theories: Maslow, Herzberg, Alderfer, and McClelland While Maslow’s Human Motivation Theory has been highly influential in motivating individuals in a variety of settings, several other theorists have increased understanding of human motivation as it relates to behavior and performance, especially in the workplace. Theories proposed by Maslow, Herzberg, Alderfer and McClelland have been adopted in a variety of settings to help employers better understand the needs and motivators that drive performance....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Powerful Essays
1050 words (3 pages)

Motivational Theories Of Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs Essay

- ... Maslow’s hierarchy of needs classifies needs into two different categories, growth of being needs and deficiency needs (Winston, 2016). Deficiency needs are the first four tiers of his hierarchy which are the most essential needs that the majority of people are able to obtain at some point in their lives unless their living environment prevents it (Winston, 2016). The being needs include self-actualization and self-transcendence these are needs that people look to as they begin to explore the meaning of their lives when it comes to potential or the bigger picture (Winston, 2016)....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Powerful Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Motivation and Job Satisfaction Theories

- ... With companies dealing with motivation for job satisfaction in relation individual differences they will need to incorporate program such as diversity training (Baack, 2012). Diversity programs main goals are to inspire employees to adopt the idea that diversity is an advantage for a company and that they enjoy cultural and individual differences (Baack, 2012). Cognitive theories Cognitive process theories of motivation assess the thought processes or mental reasoning processes which is central to a person behaviors for example, when a person supposes they are the recipient discriminating treatment and reacts by seeking employment elsewhere (Baack ,2012)....   [tags: Maslow, individual differences, cognitive theories]

Powerful Essays
1271 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Carl Rogers Self Theory of Personality Development

- The purpose of this assignment is to give us an opportunity to apply the theories that we learnt during the class and imply the learnt personalities onto a “real personality.” Reaching to our consensus, we had chosen Tyra Banks, a television personality, producer, author, actress and former model. She is a living and non-fictional individual, and throughout the assignment, we will use her as an example to elaborate our idea of personality that correlated to her personality and real life events. Biography Tyra Lynne Banks was born in Inglewood, California on December 4, 1973....   [tags: tyra banks, carl rogers, self theory]

Powerful Essays
2457 words (7 pages)

Essay on Maslow 's Theory Of Motivation

- Have you ever thought about how people become motivated to do things. Maybe you even wonder what motivation really is. Motivation is the desire to do things. Motivation creates a drive that pushes a person close to their breaking point and beyond. It helps an individual reach goals that some couldn’t even imagine of doing. But have you ever truly thought about what motivates people. What really gives people that drive. What empowers people to reach their aspirations. If so you are not alone, a ton of people has thought about what it is the gives people such a drive....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
704 words (2 pages)

Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs Essay

- Theories have been around since the beginning of time. This paper will give an analysis of Maslow’s Need Hierarchy and Alderfer’s ERG Theory. These theories provide an overview on motivation and content theories that will reflect the complexity of human needs. Both theories have been implicated in the workplace. This paper will also provide a description of each theory, the similarities and differences of each theory, and will compare the theories to the three levels of leadership. In addition to offering a Christian view as modeled by Jesus and express the opinion of which theory comes closest to what was demonstrated by Jesus....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1996 words (5.7 pages)

Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs Essay

- Person-Situations Interactions Two proponents most noted for humanistic approaches to personality are Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Both the Person-Centered Theory (Rogers) and the Hierarchy of Needs (Maslow) considered that humans ' true nature was good and that each has the potential for growth. A comparison of the two approaches demonstrates a compatibility between theory and practice. Furthermore, each approach focuses on individual choices and rejects the theory that biology will determine human potential....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)