Descartes 's Theory Of Substance Dualism Essay

Descartes 's Theory Of Substance Dualism Essay

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According to René Descartes, substance dualism is a dual particular kind of matter that has two kinds of properties. In this case, the two kinds of properties are mental properties and physical properties of human beings. The mental properties are the thoughts of an individual and the physical properties are the extension in space. Descartes explains that a person is not identical to a body; a person can exist without a body because it is not a body. Henceforth, Descartes claims that substance dualism is true. From this point of view, Descartes makes his claim that substance dualism is true in order to make clear what the new science really is about, to explain the new physics of the contemporary period, and to figure out the vitality of the human nature. Descartes’s arguments for his premises will be explained how he comes about his premises been true. Descartes’s premises will be stated, and the argument for its premises will be explained.
Descartes offers a valid deductive argument to discuss his premises. This means that if Descartes’s premises are true, then the conclusion must necessarily be true. Descartes has two premises in order to explain how substance dualism comes to be true. Descartes uses the Principle of Identity to explain his first premise; Descartes’s first premise is that if I can exist without a body, then I am not a body. Hence, I can exist in a realm where I am not present without my body. Consequently, the second premise Descartes argues is that I can exist without a body because conceiving a characteristic I posses. Therefore, I am not a body and I can go into a spiritual realm without the characteristics of a body. Nevertheless, the mental substance can exist without a body because I can conceive that ...


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...t possibility does not certain me that i exist in the substance of mentality of me. Hence, substance dualism is not true because the argument of premise six for premise two is not true.
Therefore, Descartes argues in his first that if I can exists without a body, then I am not a body and in his second premies that I can exist without a body. These premises precisely demonstrate that substance dualism is true in the form of deducting arguments. However, how can convincing of not having a body, make me sure that I can be in existence without a body. In there words, I cannot see myself in a spiritual realm if I have never seen myself without my physical characteristics. We are but living creatures that cannot exist without a body because of the physical characterization that makes us a living creature in a body. Hence, we can not coexist in another realm without a body.

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