Descartes And Hume 's Theory Of Self Essays

Descartes And Hume 's Theory Of Self Essays

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Descartes and Hume may have both come from Europe, but there ideas concerning self are opposing. They do both hold similar ideas in some form but their philosophical methodologies lead to conflicting viewpoints.
Descartes believes that the mind and body are separate of one another causing the problem to form in the transmission of information between the mind and the body. Hume does not conquer this task of mind and body one or separate. He is more concerned with the idea of self and how one is maintained over a period of time. He believes there is no such thing as self. That each moment we are a new being due to the fact that we are forever changing and nothing remains constant within ourselves. Yes, our DNA may be the same but that is not our state of mind or body. Our bodies are constantly changing to maintain homeostasis this proves that Hume’s idea of self is correct but at what point do we identify something since things are constantly changing is the flaw found in Hume’s work.
The methodologies that are used to form these concepts are strangling different but alike as well. Descartes comes upon this truth by doubting everything can be doubted. He decides to doubt the foundations and principles of ideas to cause the opinions based off of these concepts to come into doubt as well. This methodology is used after he was preached the “truth” for an extended period of time coming to find out that it is false also Descartes believed he had a demon was causing himself to believe that all of his knowledge was false so by doubting everything he knows this proves the demon to be wrong as well. In his conquest of doubt he finds the truth in the ideas that he has learned through senses. But his habitual ideas and opinions are still p...


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...moment we are a new being since nothing is constant from one moment to the next. There is no continuous “I” that is unchanging from one moment to the next. That self is a bundle of perceptions and emotions there is nothing that forms a self-impression which is essential to have an idea of one self. The mind is made up of a processions of perceptions.
In conclusion, Descartes and Hume believe that one finds the truth through the use of one’s senses. Even though they may be perceived differently and used in memory in different forms. Hume believes that there is no such thing as self. One is ever changing and different in each individual moment in time. While Descartes argues that one is built off of the past and the body and the mind are one. That the body and mind act in sync with one another, whatever the body does the mind directs or understands the task at hand.

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