Essay on Depressive Symptoms in Population Affected by PD

Essay on Depressive Symptoms in Population Affected by PD

Length: 1705 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Some neuron-circuits, provide link of frontal cortex and basal ganglia. Basal ganglia involved in movement, attention, and memory processes. Knowing this, could clarify why disorders of the basal ganglia, are characterised by abnormalities of above mentioned processes (Ring & Serra-Mestres 2002). Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of basal ganglia function, which characterised by progressive destruction of the nigrostriatal pathway, thus ensuing decrease in striatal concentrations of neurotransmitter called dopamine (Porth et al 2005). Clinical manifestation of PD includes:
• Tremor;
• Rigidity;
• Bradykinesia;
• Falls;
• Fluctuations in motor functions;
• Sleep problems (Porth 2005).
As well as mentioned above symptoms, this condition has major neuropsychiatric co-morbidities for instance: depression, anxiety and some psychotic symptoms. This usually has negative impact on the quality of life of the sufferer and close family (caregivers). Roughly 64 % of PD clients show symptoms of depression (Riedel 2008). Evidence suggest, that PD affected clients with depression incline to experience reduced levels of self-blame and guilt, but increased levels of anxiety, irritability, cognitive deficits, and suicidal ideation, compared to population affected by depression only (Starkstein et al 2008).
The high rate of co-morbidity lead author to investigate possibility of antidepressants treatment, but latest evidence suggests that, pharmacological interaction between PD drugs and antidepressants potentially leads to worsening of Parkinsonism (Jose 2007). As selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) preferred choice of antidepressants in PD, it is worth considering psychotherapeutic management of depressi...

... middle of paper ...

...matic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC Neurolology 10:49. Electronic. Accessed at: 01/03/2014
Starkstein SE, Merello M, Jorge R, et al A validation study of depressive syndromes in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord 2008; 23:538-546
Leaflet. AFT Pharmaceuticals Ltd (2013) AFT Pharmaceuticals Ltd PO Box 33-203 Takapuna Auckland 1309 NEW ZEALAND. Electronic. Accessed at: 01/03/2014
Madhusoodanan S., Alexeenko L., Sanders R. & Brenner R. (2010) Extrapyramidal symptoms associated with antidepressants – a review of the literature and an analysis of spontaneous reports. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry 22:3, 148-156. Electronic. Accessed at: 01/03/2014

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Relationship Between Patient And Patient Depressive Symptoms Essay

- The main focus of this study was to observe the relationship between perceived criticism, as measured by the PCM, and the patients’ depressive symptoms. Several previous studies suggested that there was little relationship between patient perceived criticism of their partners and the severity of the patients’ concurrent depressive symptoms (CITE); however, Peterson and Smith’s (2010) results diverge from the previous findings. Their study indicated that the more severe the patient depressive symptoms were, the less criticism the patients reported perceiving of their partners....   [tags: Major depressive disorder]

Powerful Essays
839 words (2.4 pages)

Diagnosis Of Major Depressive Disorder Essay example

- The criterion for diagnosis of major depressive disorder is that the symptoms must occur for at least 2 weeks. The typical symptoms are lack of energy, feeling of guilt or worthlessness, difficulty thinking and making decisions, suicidal ideations, and changes in sleep, appetite, weight, and regular activities of daily living. At least four of these symptoms have to be present in order to confirm the diagnosis of major depressive disorder in a patient (Samanas, 2015). “Although brain abnormalities have been found in patients with major depressive disorder by numerous neuroimaging studies, the precise pathophysiological mechanism of depressive disorder are still not clear” (Yifan, et al., 201...   [tags: Major depressive disorder]

Powerful Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

Essay about Symptoms And Treatment Of Mood Disorder

- Mood Disorder is a psychological disorder in which the mood of a person fluctuates. We’ve all had times where our mood would change due to something that’s happened or that is happening in our lives. Just because we’ve experienced sudden changes in our mood doesn’t necessarily mean that we’ve been diagnosed with a mood disorder. Mood disorders can range from major depressive mood disorders to bipolar disorders. Mood Disorders have been shown to have strong genetic and biological basis. (OpenStax, 2014)....   [tags: Major depressive disorder, Dysthymia]

Powerful Essays
806 words (2.3 pages)

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

- It happens often that individuals believe they are suffering through depression when in reality, they are simply feeling sad. Sadness is caused by an event that is happening in the moment in contrast to MDD (Major depressive disorder), when the individual is suffering through a constant feeling of mixed emotions for a long period of time. MDD is a mood disorder that causes one to feel constantly sad and lonely. It also causes a loss of interest in past hobbies and activities, and affects the way one feels, thinks and behaves....   [tags: Depression, Saddness, Mental Health, Disorder]

Powerful Essays
1246 words (3.6 pages)

ADHD and its Effects on Depressive Behavior Essay

- ... They also observed the major brain differences in healthy brains and ADHD patient brains are in the frontal love, temporal lobe, occipital lobe and insular. This allowed them to draw many conclutions about the behavior of ADHD patients and its coorelated brain areas. Peng's (2013) studies concluded the following: The cuneus and lingual are portions of the human brain are linked to recieving and processing the visual information, especially related to letters. The disorder of these portions fo the brain can lead to a confusion of visual information which may further cause inattention....   [tags: learning differences]

Powerful Essays
1509 words (4.3 pages)

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia Essay

- Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder which causes the person suffering from to differentiate between imaginary and reality. The characteristic symptoms include disorganized thinking, speech, and perception: a what and lack of curiosity: diminishing emotional contact with others, lethargy; emotional changes such as tension and depression; are more dramatic behavioral disturbances can range from catatonia to violent outbursts and delusions. People with schizophrenia lose, to some degree, their hold on reality, and many seem to withdraw into their own world....   [tags: Schizophrenia, Antipsychotic, Psychosis]

Powerful Essays
1529 words (4.4 pages)

Mr. Wilson 's Symptoms With Bipolar Affective Disorder Essay example

- Mr. Wilson is a 68 year-old, has never married and has no children, he currently lives with his brother in a rented unit. He has diagnosed with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) with comorbidities (diabetes and hypertension) for 4 years, Mr. Wilson responded well to ECT treatment during a previous admission. On this occasion, he presents an episode of depression. His perception symptom include with low in mood, poor sleep, poor appetite, loneliness, irritability, and a feeling of hopelessness. Mr....   [tags: Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder]

Powerful Essays
1670 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Symptoms And Symptoms Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

- Generalized Anxiety Disorder, as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition, more commonly known as the DSM-5, is characterized by persistent, excessive, and unrealistic worry about everyday things (Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)). People who suffer from Generalized Anxiety Disorder, also commonly known as GAD, may end up frequently worrying about practically everything . People presenting with GAD may suffer from both physical and emotional symptoms....   [tags: Cognitive behavioral therapy]

Powerful Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Schizophrenia And Related Disorders Essay

- According to the Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America, 1.1% of the world’s population suffer from schizophrenia; approximately 3.5 million Americans have received a schizophrenia diagnosis (2014). This illness does not have a high prevalence in comparison to other mental health disorders, however, it is considered to be long-term and there is no cure. Onset of schizophrenia tends to occur in individuals of 16-30 years and the associated symptoms can be categorized as positive, negative or cognitive....   [tags: Mental disorder, Schizophrenia, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1648 words (4.7 pages)

Sex Between Masculine Depression : Externalizing Symptoms As A Primary Features Of Depression

- Sex Differences in Masculine Depression: Externalizing Symptoms as a Primary Feature of Depression in Men, is an article written by Matthew C. Genuchi, and Lauren K. Mitsunaga, published in the journal of Men’s Studies 2015, Vol. 23(3) 243–251 © 2015 SAGE Publications .In their study they seek to find out how Gender role socialization significantly affects how many men and women think, feel, and behave, which subsequently affects their depressive symptom presentation. For this study it involves an examination of symptoms of masculine depression in men and women college students....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Major depressive disorder]

Powerful Essays
1779 words (5.1 pages)