Depression : The Most Common Disorder Essay

Depression : The Most Common Disorder Essay

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While the pervasiveness of depression in modern American Culture is apparent, the relationships between the factors that cause it are often debated. Depression, according to David Myers, is the most common disorder that causes patients to seek treatment and 17 percent of adults in the United States face depression at some point during their lifetime (Myers 621, 2013). According to the DSM-IV-Tr, as cited by Myers, a depressive episode occurs when someone shows five characteristics of depression for a period of two or more weeks. Characteristics of depression are a depressed mood for a majority of the day, diminished interest, weight loss or gain, insomnia or oversleeping, persistent lethargy, feeling of worthlessness, inappropriate guilt, difficulty focusing, or thoughts of death and suicide (Myers 2013, 622). Though the roots of depression may be construed solely by biological science and physical biological factors, psychological phenomena are much more complex and other factors must be contemplated. Thus, while it is important to assess biological science to understand psychological phenomena such as depression, this should be considered as interwoven with social and psychological factors and a bio-psycho-social approach should be taken to properly conceptualize depression.
Depression, at a biological level, is caused by factors such as neurotransmitters, genetic influences, and brain structure (Myers, 2013). For instance, a lack of norepinephrine, which has important functions in elevating mood and arousal, and serotonin, which effects mood, appetite, and arousal, are often found in the brains of depressed people. Moreover, increasing research has shown that patients are more likely to develop depression if they have close b...


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...social approach, one must also realize that this approach holds true for many other psychological phenomena. Psychology as a discipline asks very complex questions that involve the intertwinement of numerous phenomena such as psychological, social, and biological and it would be foolish and insufficient to consider each approach individually. An important distinction worth noting is that although these approaches must be considered simultaneously, the relationship amongst the three must be considered further to determine if there are true differences between the three conceptualizations and exactly how they relate. Also, depression in particular must be deliberated further and the relationships between the biological, psychological, and social effects must be better understood in order to more effectively treat this disease which effects millions of people globally.

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Depression : The Most Common Disorder Essay

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