Countless theories have been developed by health care professionals that have created the framework for clinical nursing practice today. Health problems, such as depression, may be treated successfully by health care professionals using the nursing process and reputable nursing theories. The most common psychiatric health condition among the elderly is depression. Sadly, depression leads to high incidences of death in the elderly population, as individuals greater than 85 years old have the highest suicide rate (Touhy & Jett, 2012).
Depression is a complicated disease with symptoms that are interchangeable with various diseases and, therefore, a difficult disease to diagnose. Diagnosing depression is complicated, especially in the older population that experience the uppermost amount of health problems. The two types of depression are major and minor depression with symptoms ranging from psychological to physical (Touhy & Jett, 2012). Symptoms of minor depression consist of feelings of hopelessness, withdrawal from friends, family, and activities, decreased interest in sexual relations (Touhy & Jett, 2012). Older adult individuals with depression may exhibit physical symptoms, such as fatigue, insomnia, pain, and weight loss, that may reflect other common health problems (Touhy & Jett, 2012). Symptoms of major depression intensify physical and psychological symptoms displayed with minor depression, and can include an intense preoccupation with death and ideas of suicide (Touhy & Jett, 2012). Health care providers must treat depression as soon as possible to prevent profound depression and possible attempts of suicide. There...
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... the interpersonal relationship and establish trust by ensuring confidentiality. Then, enter the second phase of identifying the problem of his inability to cope with the loss of his wife. During the exploitation phase, the nurse provides counseling, offers emotional support, and encourage problem solving techniques to decrease his symptoms of depression and promote the seven dimensions of wellness. Once the patient becomes proficient with activities that promote the seven dimensions of wellness, such as living a healthy lifestyle and engaging in meaningful relationships with his children, the nurse will enter the final phase of resolution in the theory of interpersonal relationships. The theory of interpersonal relationships is an excellent nursing care framework that has the potential to assist individuals with depression to achieve complete health wellness.
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