The Deployment Of Military Personnel Essay

The Deployment Of Military Personnel Essay

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At the end of 2013, there were over 1.4 million active duty U.S. military personnel, of which approximately half have a spouse and/or children (Department of Defense, 2014). Once deployment orders are received, these servicemen and women must say goodbye to their loved ones for up to fifteen months. During this time of separation, the families will go through dramatic changes in an effort to make up for the absence of a spouse and/or parent. The deployment of military personnel adversely affects their families by causing negative emotional and/or behavioral changes, by continuously altering the framework of the family dynamic, and by increasing the risk factors for divorce upon their post-deployment reintegration.
Deployment of a parent and/or spouse can cause a myriad of behavioral and/or emotional changes in the family members left behind. The stress of deployment on the spouse left at home can cause mental health issues that have a negative impact on their relationship with their child(ren) and their parenting practices (Swenson & Wolff, 2011). Subsequently, a spouse left to parent and carry on alone for months on end may begin to feel the weight of their compounded responsibilities, the fear for their spouse’s safety, and the heartache of loneliness in such a deep way that depression, insomnia, and anxiety lead them to needing medication and/or therapy. In the Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Flake, Davis, Johnson, & Middleton stated, “A recent study that utilized a screening measure to assess risk for psychosocial morbidity found that 39% of children with a deployed parent were at high risk for internalizing symptoms, 29% were at high risk for externalizing symptoms, 56% had trouble sleeping, and 14% had...

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...e inability to terminate enlistment contracts, families tend to choose the military over their marriage (Negrusa, Negrusa, & Hosek, 2014).
Negative changes in the behavior and emotional state of the spouse and/or children, the ever-changing family structure, and the elevated prospect of divorce upon reunion are all adverse effects of deployment on the military personnel’s family. The stress of military deployment on the spouse and children causes depression, anxiety, as well as other negative symptoms. In addition to these, the confusion and uncertainty of deployment and reintegration undermines the framework of the family dynamic. All of these factors, as well as the overwhelming residuals of deployment, increase the possibility of marital dissolution. To summarize, the deployment of military personnel has many adverse effects on their families and loved ones.

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