Essay about The Department Of Homeland Security

Essay about The Department Of Homeland Security

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The Department of Homeland Security realized the role of preparing for the occurrence of emergencies after the 9/11 attack and the attack on the Pentagon. This realization was influenced by the fact that the department viewed it important to prepare individuals, government agencies and other stakeholders on the appropriate procedures that should influence the response given to emergencies that might occur in future (Sylves, 2007). Disaster preparedness has been a major area of concern for the department, especially pursuant to modern developments such as technologically aided terrorism. The NIMS (National Incident Management System) and ICS (Incident Command System) are examples of the structures developed by the government to govern responses to cases of emergences in the United States. This paper presents a review on the models with an aim of identifying the characteristics that make them effective tools of responding to disasters. As will be argued in the paper, the models are very important, especially in their ability to enable common communication and information management systems, management of resources and multi-agency coordination.
Benefits of the NIMS and ICS Models
As mentioned earlier, the NIMS and ICS Models present the procedures that different disaster response units, as well as the public should take in response to cases of emergencies in the United States. Additionally, the models outline the roles of different levels of government regarding responding to disasters in the United States. To begin with, the development of the two models was influenced by the demand to enhance standardization of response procedures, by outlining the responsibilities of all levels of the government. The NIMS, for instance provides ...


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...s challenges that affect efficiency and effectiveness, especially conflict of interests among different organizations. The ICS and NIMS models developed by the Department of Homeland Security are effective tools of dealing with the challenges that affect disaster management. The models invest in outlining the responsibilities of each of the stakeholders, as well as issues related to management of resources and communication, which enhances efficient disaster management. The fact that the standards laid down in the models have been adopted by different sectors and organizations is enough justification of their role in enabling disaster management. The Department of Homeland Security depends on the models to enhance disaster preparedness and response through common communication and information management systems, management of resources and multi-agency coordination.

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