Utilitarianism is based on choices that bring upon happiness. Utilitarianism is the type of moral reasoning that plans out an outcome where the majority of the people are happy. Many of us use this type of moral reasoning frequently in our daily decisions. When asked to explain why we feel we have a moral duty to perform some action, we often point to the good that will come from the action or the harm it will prevent. Utilitarianism offers a relatively straightforward method for deciding the morally right course of action for any particular situation we may find ourselves in. Second, we determine all of the foreseeable benefits and harms that would result from each course of action for everyone affected by the action. Lastly, we choose the course of action that provides the greatest benefits after the costs have been taken into account.
Bentham’s moral theor...
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...ed that a civil society should maintain civil liberty to protect against any interference made by abusive authorities. For instance, this may be applicable if a government relies on democratic involvement from their citizens. Methods of demanding or persuading the minority to change their view or to conform to socially accepted norms. He proposed that with the adequate balance of individual liberty and governmental authority indicates a simple principle. However, society has a responsibility to protect its people from one another especially from anything directly affecting only the individual should remain free. Through this it appears that Mills believes the government will never justify in maintaining limit, restrain, and control. He indicates that there is no society that is free only if a person is allowed to take care of their selves (Philosophy Pages, 2015).
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