Deng Xiaoping And The Communist Party Essay

Deng Xiaoping And The Communist Party Essay

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Alexander Pantsov in his biography of Deng Xiaoping works to provide an extensive background of Deng Xiaoping’s youth and his rise in the Communist party by giving a detailed account of Chinese history from the early twentieth century until his retirement. To this extent Pantsov provides an excellent insight into the early motivating factors of Deng Xiaoping’s adoption of Communist thought, while also depicting Deng’s human side. Deng in the book is seen as a remarkably capable and loyal party member, able to handle extensive workloads and assignments both on the political and military sides. Pantsov dedicates a large portion of this biography to Deng’s relationship with Mao Zedong, particularly focusing on Deng’s dedication to Leninist and Maoist values, pre-civil war and post. The author presents various cases in which Deng’s political career was heavily dependent on his political relationships, both with Mao and the other party leadership. In the case of Deng’s relationship with Mao, his political career would both be made and destroyed based on his adherence or disagreement with Mao’s policy. The final section of the book focuses on Deng’s control over the communist party after the death of Mao Zedong and Deng’s involvement in the creation of modern China as well as the Tiananmen Square Massacre. Pantsov in the book also provides historical background to each event surround Deng Xiaoping, in which he describes how Deng leads in certain conflicts or situations, such as the campaigns against the Japanese in World War II, the civil war between the Chinese communists and the Kuomintang and Mao’s ideological movements.

The first part of Pantsov’s biography focuses on Deng Xiaoping’s early life and how certain aspects of it may ha...

... middle of paper ... say that it was more dangerous. Unfortunately, Deng and the conservative portions of his government would mobilize the PLA against the Tiananmen Square protesters killing thousands.

Pantsov in his biography of Deng Xiaoping provides an extensive background of Deng Xiaoping’s youth, especially in terms of how he first came into extended contact with Communism, his rise throughout the party and his political relationships. The author is able to effectively portray Deng Xiaoping as an extremely loyal member of the Chinese communist Party through the description of Deng’s actions. Through Pantsovs depiction of Deng’s adherence to party mandates, or through his unwavering support of Mao (up until the Mao’s mass movements), or the description of his diligence in standard party work, Deng can be seen as an extremely capable party member, and a devout communist/Maoist.

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