Deng Xiaoping was born in 1904 in Paifang, Guang’an country in Sichuan. His father, Deng Wenming, dreamed for his son to become a great high official like Deng Shimin, a member of extended family who became a high and reputed official in imperial China even so that after 1774, the village was named “Paifang” in his honor (Ezra, 2011, p.16). Consequently, Xiaoping’s relatives had high hopes for him to be successful. Therefore, he began his education at only five years old with standard Confucian training at home of educated relatives in Paifang. Moreover, when he was only 11 years old, Xiaoping successfully passed highly competitive examinations to enter an upper primary school in Guang’an. Four years later, he also passed the examination to attend a public junior middle school. His first school experiences were “classic-oriented” since China was still a traditional society at that time. (Ezra, 2011, p.16). Nonetheless, he acquired a fairly good knowledge in a range of subjects: Confucian classics, mathematics, history and geography. Yet, Xiaoping’s noticeable memorizing capacity was not the only characteristic that got the attention of his entourage…
Indeed, it was not long before his sense of patriotism was noticed by school members. Furthermore, Deng’s interest in China’s political sphere led him to...
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...and authority within the party when Mao made him party secretary (Ezra, 2011, p.27). During the 1940’s, he was the regional party leader of southwestern China. A decade later, he had worked his way up to become a major policy maker of both internal and external relations. By the end of the 1950’s he had become the general secretary of the CCP and influential member of the Political Bureau (Zhao, 1997). Nonetheless, he soon entered in conflicts with Mao Zedong as he started supporting Liu Shaoqi’s ideas of individual self-interest (Ezra, 2011, p.43). This difference in opinion led to Deng being attacked during the 1960’s by supporters of Zedong’s ideology. Nonetheless, that did not stop him from pursuing his political career to reach his ultimate goal of restoring China’s stability and economic growth through a range of different socio-economic and political measures.
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