The Democratic Peace Theory Of Democracy Essay

The Democratic Peace Theory Of Democracy Essay

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The democratic peace theory postulates that liberal democracies are hesitant and unlikely to engage in armed conflict with other democracies. This idea dates back centuries to German philosopher Immanuel Kant and other 18th-century Enlightenment thinkers. By examining the political similarities, economic system, geographical location, and other factors of generic democracies, proponents of the democratic peace theory argue that democracies have a vested interest not to war with one another. However, other forms of government are exempt from these principles unique to democracies. Autocracies, a system of government which assigns one individual absolute power and control, violate all facets of the democratic peace theory. Autocracies lack the constructed identities, political institutions, and domestic social norms that contextualize the purpose of democracy. In fact, autocracies not only disobey the beliefs of the democratic peace theory, but also actively work against those beliefs, causing autocracies to be more inclined to act in war. The nature of both government and people in autocracies contribute to armed conflicts. While the government consists of one individual to domineer all power and invest it as he will, the people of autocratic nations also actively take part and fight in conflicts both in internal conflicts and against other nations. Autocracies are more likely to engage in war due to the validity of the democratic peace theory: democracies are more accountable to the people, democracies generally have more established economies and a greater incentive to preserve their wealth, and, furthermore, autocracies entrench and further breed terrorism.
Democratic decision-making constraints prevent liberal, and even illiber...


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...r, autocracies have both the capability and incentive to do so more often. Furthermore, democracies are less likely to become involved in wars with other democracies, while wars started by autocracies transcend system of governments. A democracy creates an environment which checks and pacifies both the people and the government. In contract to autocracies, the governmental decisions and policies are determined by both elected individuals and sometimes citizens. Similarly, citizens are encouraged and obligated to participate in civil society to shape it how they please. This balance between governmental officials and citizenry fosters a somewhat cordial relationship between the two parties, which prevents the need for unnecessary conflict. Autocracies, however, fail to reconcile this balance which results in a more hostile environment to foreigners and citizens alike.

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