Plato defines Athens as a democratic society that “treats all men as equal, whether they are equal or not.” Therefore, believes that there are those that are born to rule and others that are born to be ruled. Plato presents the argument that democracy does not achieve the greatest good, giving four main objections to democracy. Firstly, he identifies that most of us are ruled by passions, pleasure, sentiment and impulse. Hence, th...
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...kingship, aristocracy and polity are all good forms of ruling because each serves the interest of the people or community. Overall, Aristotle believes that we must not question how many rule, but instead ask how they are capable of ruling or do they rule in a manner that best serves the community. Aristotle’s Politics gives a simpler critique of democracy than Plato’s Republic, however it is convincing in the sense that in order to rule for the good of the community or the good life (Bios) one should only question that capability of those ruling rather than ask the quantity.
Finley, M. I. Introduction. In Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian war. Harmondsworth: Penguin
Plato, The Republic, p.375.
Plato, The Republic, p.288.
Plato. The Republic, Book 5, Section 473D
Aristotle, The Politics, Chapter 5, p.304. 15-20
Aristotle, The Politics. Book III
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