Democracy Is A System Of Government By The Whole Population Or All The Eligible Members Of A State

Democracy Is A System Of Government By The Whole Population Or All The Eligible Members Of A State

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What is democracy? Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Democracies are based on "rule of law." The Ancient Greeks particularly Aristotle valued natural law, the notion that human societies should be governed by ethical principles found in nature (ushistory.org). Athens had an extraordinary system of government. A form of direct democracy in ancient Greece was practiced in the ancient city-state of Athens for about 100 years. This was only an experiment at first. How this form of democracy worked is that all adult citizens had to take an active part in government, ruled by many, if called on to do so. At this time of democracy citizens included free men. This means women, children, and slaves were not citizens, and thus could not participate or vote. (Donn, L.)
Democracy was inflicted by the Athenian leader Cleisthenes. He introduced political reform Demokratia or “rule by the people.’ This included three separate institutions: Ekklesia, Boule, and Dikasteria. Ekklesia or assembly is the sovereign governing body of Athens. Any member of the 40,000 adult male citizens were welcome to attend the meetings of the Ekklesia, which were held 40 times a year in a hillside auditorium west of the Acropolis called the Pnyx. Usually only 5,000 men attended each session of the Assembly. The others were serving in the army or navy or working to support their families. These guys made plans about wars and foreign policy, wrote and revised laws, and approved or condemned the conduct of public officials. They made decisions by majority vote.
The Boule was the second most important institution. This was a council of five hundred men, fifty ...


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...t the Athenians but this was because they did not go against Macedonian wishes. The Macedonian Antipater forced a settlement on Athens, which then brought the end of the city’s autonomy in foreign affairs and democratic self-rule. While Athenians were able to continue many of their institutions, Athens would never be completely free in domestic and foreign policy, and would never be ruled by the will of the Demos meeting in their assembly (Blackwell, 2003).
So, after a while the Athenians no longer had control of their democracy and lost their freedom in domestic and foreign policies. Democracy was good for a while in Athens until Alexander came along and took over. After that, everything went downhill and the Athenians had to rule by the Macedonia’s. So, not only did Athenian democracy fail, but it was taken over and ruled by someone else instead of by the people.

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