In order to understand why countries are likely to transition to democratic regimes from authoritarian regimes, it is important to understand how many Latin American authoritarian regimes arrived in the 1960s and the role their militaries have played, both politically and historically. The arrival of authoritarian regimes can be viewed as having come from four issues in Latin American governments in the 1960s: weak multiparty systems, polarization, fear of guerilla armies, and weak central institutions. A decade prior to the totalitarian regimes that came to define muc...
... middle of paper ...
...ressed of Latin America chose to help themselves, chose to confront their brutal regimes in an active manner, and chose to accept the accountability of their own actions and inactions that nations such as Chile and Brazil found that authoritarian regimes would give way before the demand of democracy.
Favela Rising. Directed by Matt Mochary and Jeff Zimbalist. Sidetrack Films, All Rise Films,
Stealth Creations, 2005. DVD.
O’Donnell, Guillermo. “Tensions in the Bureaucratic-Authoritarian State and the Question of
Democracy.” In The New Authoritarianism in Latin America, edited by David Collier,
35-47. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.
No. Directed by Pablo Larrain. Fabula, Participant Media, Funny Ballons, 2012. DVD.
Skidmore, Thomas E., Peter H. Smith, and James N. Green. Modern Latin America. New York:
Oxford University Press, 2010.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Democracy is a form of a regime that is associated with “rule by the people” that implies rights and liberties for citizens, such as civil liberties and political rights to partake in elections. Democratization is the process of a regime becoming more democratic through democratic transition or consolidation. Democratization is a progression that can take several generations (Meisburger 155). A democratic transition is a movement from an authoritarian rule to a democratic one, whereas consolidation is the process in which a new democratic order becomes institutionalized, and the idea of authoritarianism is rejected (Dickovick and Eastwood 121-123).... [tags: Democracy, Human rights, Authoritarianism, Voting]
1366 words (3.9 pages)
- ... (Khazanov & Payne, 414).” This is not necessarily a popular idea because that is the intention; you are supposed to forget. If you recall, Austria, France, Italy and Japan collaborated with Nazi Germany, and since its aftermath, no one dares speak or talks about their affil-iation, and our impressions along with most likely the countries inhabitants were that they were alone in their endeavors. Upon looking at these methods of transitions, it also gives an insight of the mentality as well as the importance of the people in which the regime is ruling.... [tags: political studies, analysis]
2883 words (8.2 pages)
- Muhlberger notes that the definition of democracy has historically been restricted to nations that are adhere to the Western conception of democracy (25). Yet, Muhlberger claims that even within authoritarian regimes, there are components of democracy at the grassroots level. He defines “quasi-democratic” as “any group willing to submit to decisions arrived at by discussion and voting (formal or informal) or abides judgment of elected representatives” (Muhlberger 27). In this essay, I argue that there have been quasi-democratic elements even within the Chinese Communist tradition.... [tags: democracy, Muhlberger, Communist China]
862 words (2.5 pages)
- Literature review Many scholars have been studied development over past decades and today it is popular necessary are for research and analysis. There are wide debates of question why one societies are prosperous and others are not and what are the reasons. Before starting own research, it is important to look at previous studies and findings. This literature review looks at democratic theories and developmental theories, precisely modernisation theory. This paper is build on theories of institutionalism, Neopatrimonialism, creative destruction and studies of Acemoglu, Robinson, Fukuyama, Schumpeter, Grycak and many others.... [tags: Democracy, Government, Separation of powers]
1859 words (5.3 pages)
- Due to the ongoing violence in the country of Autocratia, This commission has been convened to determine the best course of action regarding the conflict, and give an official recommendation to the exiled citizens of Autocratia. In its deliberations, this commission has listened to and given due consideration the proposed policies of both the current governing regime and the outside organization “Peace, Democracy, and Bread.” The aim of the citizens of Autocratia is to guide the country in a direction toward a stable democratic regime and an enduring economy.... [tags: Democracy, Government, Authoritarianism]
1376 words (3.9 pages)
- One of the most common regimes in political history of humankind is authoritarianism. In authoritarian states, small group of people has the power to rule in the state (O’Neil, p.318). When compared to a totalitarian regime and democracy, authoritarianism seems closer to the totalitarianism, taking into account the presence of dictatorship and limitation of civil and political liberties of citizens by the ruling elite. On the flip side, some democratic features also present in some authoritarian states, in which a government does not regulate a private life of people.... [tags: Political Science]
2279 words (6.5 pages)
- Type “Nashi” into any search engine and you will come across videos of uniformly clad youth chanting in unison, evoking bygone images of Komsomol or Hitler’s Youth. Indeed, Nashi, a pro-regime, state-supported youth organization, has often been likened to these organizations by the media and scholars alike. Yet, is this simplistic comparison an accurate one. Are state-led youth organizations in Russia merely puppets of the regime, lacking their own will or motivation. In the following pages I trace the origins and purposes behind the organization of pro-regime youth groups in Russia, arguing that while these movements undoubtedly perform many of the same functions as youth groups of the past... [tags: Political Science]
2277 words (6.5 pages)
- In today’s world, democracy faces everyday challenges. These challenges affect each and every country. Each country has a particular way of encountering these challenges in order for the citizens to have some type of voice. The voice of the people makes a stronger impact on using democracy as a means to challenge the government of their country. As we take a look at the countries in the world today, we will see the path towards the challenges to democracy. The current challenges of democracy around the world should prioritize each encounter that should be addressed through networks, global gatherings, and various activities.... [tags: political processes, universal values]
2428 words (6.9 pages)
- Like a living organism, democracy must be born into a time where the parents, circumstances, are right to understand the potential of such a child, democracy, and the soil, society, may be described as the type of state that is ready to accept and nurture that child. Metaphors aside, democracy has been noted to provide a better opportunity for human development. Democracy is also commonly defined as a political system that is associated with free and fair elections. A democratic regime simply refers to a system of governance that places sovereignty in the citizen’s hands which allow them to contribute to the process of decision-making through their elected officials.... [tags: Government]
1428 words (4.1 pages)
- The Rise of Democracy in Chile General Augusto Pinochet gained power during a blood-filled coup during 1973 when his militaristic, authoritarian rule began. He continued to rule in a brutal regime of repression and human rights abuse until 1989 when his regime was lifted in favor of a more democratic system. Since 1990, Chile seems to be on the right track to re-establishing a once strong democracy that will continue to strengthen in the future. The three factors that have increased the likelihood of this success are the tripartite party system, institutionalization of the party system, and reduction of the ideological polarization that gripped the country.... [tags: Papers]
706 words (2 pages)