Dementia Vs Delirium Essay

Dementia Vs Delirium Essay

Length: 866 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Dementia and Delirium are perplexing conditions both to differentiate and experience. Dementia is a progressive intellectual function and other cognitive skills decline condition which results to a decline in an individual’s performance of their daily activities. Unlike dementia, delirium also known as acute confusional state is an acute medical condition which results in confusion and other disruptions in a person’s thinking and behavior including attention, activity level and perception. It is very important to distinguish between the two conditions because, delirium can be found in a person that already has dementia. A study done by Fick and Mion (2008) indicated that, about 22% of adults with dementia develop delirium.

Dementia and delirium can cause impaired functioning, memory loss, poor judgment and a problem in speech; however, there are many differences between the two. Even though delirium and dementia can manifest with similar symptoms, they are two different conditions. This is because, an individual can suffer from both delirium and dementia and therefore, it is very vital to differentiate between the two. In addition, delirium is reversible while dementia is a permanent condition. Therefore, differentiating the two will help in the quick treatment of delirium.

The causes of the two conditions are similar in one way or another at the same time they vary. Delirium is caused by acute illness or drug toxicity while dementia is caused by anatomic changes in the brain that are generally irreversible. Dementia is a condition caused by Alzheimer’s disease, lewy body dementia, vascular dementia prontotemporal dementia and other related disease. It can also be caused by emotional illnesses, metabolic disorders, traum...


... middle of paper ...


...dical conditions. The two conditions coexist and this complicates the differential diagnosis in patients with cognitive impairment. Patients with cognitive dysfunction should sort out potential causes of their impairment because; dementia and delirium exhibit similar symptoms and therefore, require distinct treatment strategies. Dementia and delirium are characterized by cognitive decline whereby the brain function changes. They both affect an individual’s attention, thinking and personality.



Works Cited

Whaley, L. & Breitner, J. (2002) Dementia. London: Health Press.
Fick, D.M. & Mion, L.C. (2008). Delirium Superimposed on Dementia. American Journal of Nursing, 108(1), 52-60.
Ajilore, O.A and Kumar, A. (2004). Delirium and Dementia. FOCUS, 2, 210-220.
Arnold, E. (2004). Sorting out the 3 D’s: Delirium, dementia, depression. Nursing, 34 (6), 36–42.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Dementia Vs Delirium Essay

- Dementia and Delirium are perplexing conditions both to differentiate and experience. Dementia is a progressive intellectual function and other cognitive skills decline condition which results to a decline in an individual’s performance of their daily activities. Unlike dementia, delirium also known as acute confusional state is an acute medical condition which results in confusion and other disruptions in a person’s thinking and behavior including attention, activity level and perception. It is very important to distinguish between the two conditions because, delirium can be found in a person that already has dementia....   [tags: Differential Diagnosis]

Better Essays
866 words (2.5 pages)

Caring for a Person With Dementia Essay example

- Introduction Dementia is an umbrella term used to explain the gradual decline in multiple areas of functions, which includes thinking, perception, communication, memory, languages, reasoning, and the ability to function (Harrison-Dening 2013). Worldwide, 47.5 million people have dementia and there are 7.7 million new cases every year. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia and may contribute to 60–70% of cases. (Alzheimer's society 2014). The complexity of dementia presents a number of behavioural challenges to those who live with dementia and their care providers....   [tags: Dementia and Aggressive Behavior]

Better Essays
2038 words (5.8 pages)

Alzheimer 's Disease : A Type Of Dementia Essay

- Understanding Alzheimer’s Disease What is Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia that causes problems with thinking, behavior, and memory. Alzheimer 's disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases (http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_what_is_alzheimers.aspn). In 1960 Alois Alzheimer presented the first report of the disease that was later named after him. He described a 51 year old women who developed confusion, memory loss, and psychotic symptoms that rapidly progressed until she died....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Memory loss, Dementia]

Better Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about Dementia Is Not A Disease

- Many ordinary people have the wrong idea about a condition seen in elderly individuals. To many people, dementia is thought to be a disease that affects the memory of elderly people. They think it is irreversible and inevitable, that it is something the majority of people will face as they get older. Many people also confuse delirium with dementia. Delirium can be caused by illness, malnutrition, or medication, as can dementia, however, delirium describes a person who is less alert, drowsy, and restless, while dementia talks about someone who is fully awake, but still having problems with cognitive functioning....   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Traumatic brain injury]

Better Essays
1806 words (5.2 pages)

Understanding Dementia in the Elderly Essay example

- Delirium, Depression, and Dementia are some of the most common psychological diagnoses in the elderly today. The three D’s are difficult to differentiate between in older adults because they overlap with each other and can all exist in the same patient at once. Delirium, Dementia, and Depression all affect the elderly’s quality of life and often increase the risks for one another (Downing, Caprio & Lyness, 2013). For the purpose of this paper I will be focusing primarily on the diagnosis of Dementia, the prevention, and nursing measures associated with it, but first I would like to differentiate between Delirium and Depression because Dementia is often associated with the two in the older ad...   [tags: Signs, Symptoms, Causes]

Better Essays
518 words (1.5 pages)

Dementia Essay

- Dementia Dementia is an organic brain syndrome which results in global cognitive impairments. Dementia can occur as a result of a variety of neurological diseases. Some of the more well known dementing diseases include Alzheimer's disease (AD), multi-infarct dementia (MID), and Huntington's disease (HD). Throughout this essay the emphasis will be placed on AD (also known as dementia of the Alzheimer's type, and primary degenerative dementia), because statistically it is the most significant dementing disease occurring in over 50% of demented patients (see epidemiology)....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
3248 words (9.3 pages)

Essay about Nursing Care Issues and the Frail Elderly: Dementia

- Walking into the room hearing the conversation could not be helped. Two elderly patients were conversing, one was talking about experiences in World War II and the other was listening intently. When questioned as to what they were discussing and why, the answer received was one that surprised and saddened. The patient telling the story explained “Sometimes my friend forgets all about the past, so I sit here and tell my stories and then it helps my friend remember.” The other patient replied “that is right, there are days I just can’t remember anything and my friend here….remembers everything and tells me all about it”....   [tags: Nursing Profession, Nursing Career]

Better Essays
1759 words (5 pages)

Essay on Interacting with Dementia

- ... The object of the game is to turn over pairs of matching cards. This game is used to exercise the brain and help recollect and concentrate individuals with dementia. Some other games that I personally play with my residents at work are bingo and ball toss. Although, games are a great way to interact with elderly individuals with dementia, a second way that people who are working with the elderly community can interact with elderly individuals with dementia is by bring familiar objects such as a photographs and accessories to help trigger memories and engage in good conversation....   [tags: loss of mental functions, healthcare professionals]

Better Essays
1094 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Most Common Dementia: Alzheimer's Disease

- Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia in older people. Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible and progressive brain disease that slowly destroys memory and other important mental functions, which is due to degeneration between the brain cells and the brain cell receptors (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). Alzheimer’s disease results in the loss of intellectual and social skills (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014). According to the Alzheimer’s Association there are 7 stages to this disease (Alzheimer’s Stages & Behaviors, 2014)....   [tags: memory, capacity, elderly]

Better Essays
1095 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Alzheimer 's Disease : The Most Common Type Of Dementia

- Introduction to Alzheimer’s disease (1.1) Alzheimer 's disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain 's nerve cells, or neurons, resulting in loss of memory, thinking and language skills, and behavioural changes. Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease being a progressive neurological condition, it can cause problems with swallowing. This can lead to aspiration which can cause frequent chest infections. It 's also common for people with Alzheimer’s disease to eventually have difficulty eating and to have a reduced appetite. (Judd and Society, 2007a) Alzheimer’s disease is caused by parts of the brain shrinking this affects the structure a...   [tags: Alzheimer's disease, Neuron, Brain, Memory loss]

Better Essays
1508 words (4.3 pages)