The Amazon comprises of 2.1 million square miles, Ferro, S (2015), it houses the world largest carbon sink converting harmful emissions into clean oxygen, Natives have also began to discover new cures for many illnesses from the extensive range of different plants, Bartschi, A (2015)
Despite the benefits, deforestation remains high, Butler, R (2006) estimates that since 1978, 780 000 square km of the rainforest has been lost equating to 20% of the entire forest. If nothing is done to prevent this, the rainforest could disappear in the next 100 years or so.
The increasing rate of deforestation in the Amazon causes negative effects for the world as a whole. Bradford, A (2015), 300 billion tonnes of carbon is stored in trees around the world, with more being cut down and burnt to clear way for land, carbon is released into the air, accelerating global warming. Predictions suggest 6-17% of human caused carbon in the air is a result of deforestation. As global warming increases it causes bad effects for Amazonian communities, in 2005, lack of rainfall led to river levels decreasing by around 40% standing communities..
Around 70% of the worlds animals live within forests, with deforestation occurring many animals loose their habitats, leading to species becoming extinct. As well as...
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... a new law within the EU to ban the enter of timber from illegal logging within the rainforest, as well as encouraging sustainable agricultural practices and most importantly stop the emission of carbon emissions from these staggering rates of deforestation. Anon (2014)
In conclusion, Butler, R (2012), stated ‘Incentives need to be emerged to therefore encourage better practices’, if we want to keep the world’s largest ecosystem, the largest carbon sink alive, serious action needs to be taken, what I have mentioned above is a start however countries such as Peru, need to adopt these new strategies to counter the rates of deforestation and therefore minimise the dreadful impacts it is having on itself and the rest of the world. I further believe countries are organisations such as Greenpeace can invest more money into ensuring that deforestation levels are kept low.
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