One of the first attempts to define tourism was that of two Swiss academics, Professors Hunziker and Krapf of Berne University. They defined tourism in a 1942 study as a complex of environmental impacts: “the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, in so far as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected to any earning activity.” This definition has been acknowledged by many international associations including the...
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...ry’ in Annals of Tourism Research Oct/Dec ’79, School of Business and Administrative Studies, Sydney Technical College, Australia. pp 390 – 407.
Leiper, N., (1995), ‘Tourism Management’ Tafe Publications, Collingwood, Victoria.
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Smith, S. L. J., (1995), ‘Tourism Analysis – A Handbook’ 2nd Edition, Longman Group Limited, Malaysia.
Stear, L. and Wixon, D., (2007), ‘Some heuristic definitions for studying highly industrialised tourism systems’, Unpublished monograph, School of Leisure Sport and Tourism, University of Technology, Sydney.
Weaver, D. and Lawton, L. (2010), ‘Tourism Management’ 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons Australia.
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