Defining Political Development
No consensus has been reached on the definition of political development; however most scholars agree it is multi-faceted concept. Comparative politics often promotes itself as an empirical field of study; however the categories, statistics and indicators we choose to measure a particular concept often reveal, at best a subconscious bias, and at worst an overt normative agenda. Furthermore, whichever definition and subcategories we decide are sufficient, political development often encompasses attributes that are difficult to measure numerically.
That being said, there are some criteria that are common across the many definitions of political development, one of which is modernisation. Prominent political scientist, Samuel Huntington, listed four sub-categories of modernisation: rationalisation, national integration, democratisation and mobilisation [insert citation]. He further concluded, of these four, only mobilisation (and participation) are measurable and applicable to developing world.
In addition, he asserted that institutionalisation is a more important facet of political development, citing four sub-categories: adaptability, complexity, autonomy and coherence. If institutionalisation is rapidly outpaced by modernisation, specifically mobilisation and participation, the end is result is political decay rather than political development.
Again, it is important to note the normative subtext that underlies these studies. In the case of Huntington, Przeworski & Limongi, and many studies on the subject, there is an implicit, and often explicit, assumption that democracy is the most developed form of governance. This cultural bias towards a Western model of government, and specifically a ...
... middle of paper ...
...one of the reasons Lipset's study has enjoyed enduring relevance. Conversely, Przeworski and Limongi  limit their measurements of economic development to GNP per capita only. They did so to “stick as close a possible to the elementary descriptive pattern”. More elaborately, to establish an empirical connection between economic development and democracy, before delving into the mechanisms that connect them. Both methodologies have their advantages and limitations; however I would argue, it is important to establish a completely accurate picture of economic development, and this cannot be achieved with a single indicator.
Are political and economic development linked?
Arguably, no area has been as thoroughly researched and debated in comparative politics as the relationship between economic development and political development, specifically democratisation.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Political parties have been in a declining state in recent political evolution and has provoked numerous discussions/arguments whether the political parties have been indeed in such a state or whether they have been simply restructuring their organisational and/or ideological principles to withstand certain challenges. Several theories were introduced/developed in the recent years so as to distinguish the “ideal” behavioural type of political party development. The most renowned “ideal” party types are the cadre party type, the mass party type (Duverger, 1954) and the catch-all party type (Kirchheimer, 1966).... [tags: democracy, political evolution]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Political violence is action taken to achieve political goals that may include armed revolution, civil strife, terrorism, war or other such activities that could result in injury, loss of property or loss of life. Political violence often occurs as a result of groups or individuals believing that the current political systems or anti-democratic leadership, often being dictatorial in nature, will not respond to their political ambitions or demands, nor accept their political objectives or recognize their grievances.... [tags: Political Science]
1814 words (5.2 pages)
- The aim of development is not clean roads, skyscrapers and a well built transport infrastructure. Development requires the removal of major sources of unfreedom: poverty as well as tyranny, poor economic opportunities as well as systematic social deprivation, neglect of public facilities as well as intolerance or over activity of repressive states. (Sen, 1999) And in this process communication plays a pivotal role. A strong tool, if utilized effectively it can mobilize masses and increase awareness thus empowering the poor and the weakest of the society.... [tags: International Development]
1534 words (4.4 pages)
- How does corruption affect development and development management. 1. INTRODUCTION Generally speaking, a transparent, fair and clean environment is one of the important guarantee of a rapid economic development. Corruption usually plays a negative role in social and economic development field (World Bank, 2000). Mauro (1996, 1998), Monte and Papagni (2007), Tanzi (1998) believe that corruption will hurt development. However, there are also some counter examples. After the second World War, for instance, some authoritarian countries began a quick development , but in this process, corruption could always be found, which even synchronously grew.... [tags: Corruption, economy, development]
2482 words (7.1 pages)
- The Readings for week 6 were largely organized around the theme of political developments in China. To assess political developments in China, one has to be clear with the range of the definition “political”. In my view, there are mainly two types of political developments in post-1978 China: administrative reform and electoral reform. Administrative reforms aim at providing more effective governance without essentially altering the political institutions. Such reform measures include the continuous reorganization and downsizing of departments in State Council, introduction of various regulations addressing problems in many industries (coal mining and food safety etc.), innovations on policy... [tags: Government, Economy, Reading Analysis]
1427 words (4.1 pages)
- 1.Introduction In recent years, Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) have played a significant role for sustaining economic growth in developing countries. The current structure of the economy has become much more complex on a global scale. Therefore, the advantages of SMEs such as a growth potential and flexibility are considered to enhance the global economy. To improve the ability and innovation, current study focus on the function of Human Resource Development (HRD). In fact, many enterprises seek effective HRD strategy in order to maintain or upgrade their skills and knowledge for both firms and employees (OECD, 2013).... [tags: Economic growth, Economics, Economic development]
898 words (2.6 pages)
- Palestine NGOs as Effective Development Players Introduction During the past 60 years, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) became one of the most dominant phenomena all over the world, that affect the development paradigms and processes in developed countries as well as in the developing world. Certainly, NGOs has a significant role in supporting different developmental aspects, such as promoting democratisation, civil society empowerment, or resources management. However, this phenomenon should be analysed critically to examine its real position, legitimacy, and practical impact on promoting sustainable development on the ground.... [tags: Development Sector, Non Profit Organizations]
2168 words (6.2 pages)
- Since the 18th century, the definition of the concept "literature" has become a problematic and a controversial issue among various literary schools. What is literature. What are the qualities that distinguish a literary text from a non-literary one. Does literature have any particular function in society. These are some crucial questions whose answers were supposed to limit and define the scope of "literature". However, various literary and critical schools have advanced different and contradictory responses to these same questions, which have consequently led to a failure in producing an authoritatively established definition of "literature".... [tags: Definition ]
1779 words (5.1 pages)
- Sustainable Development Today Sustainable Development The concept of sustainable development has become a major topic among intellectuals from various fields. Sustainable development has gone through various changes in its definitions and at present does not have a commonly accepted definition. The origination of the concept of sustainable development is debatable. In 1974 at a conference on Science and Technology for Human Development by the World Council of Churches the concept of a “sustainable society” is believed to have been first noted.... [tags: Energy Sustainalbe Development Essays]
3490 words (10 pages)
- New Political Philosophy for Russia ABSTRACT: Both domestic and foreign policies of each state presuppose a certain ideology as a foundation. In a broad sense, an ideology may be regarded as a certain 'system of coordinates,' an interpretational model of the world (Weltanschauung) including both empirico-theoretical (realizing a nation's place in regional and global contexts, with a clear understanding of national interests, goals and resources) and metatheoretical (comprehending a nation in the context of human history and culture) levels.... [tags: Government Politics Soviet Union Essays]
3130 words (8.9 pages)