Christmas day is the annual celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ, it is a religious and cultural holiday celebrated by millions all over the world. There are many customs and traditions associated with Christmas day including: Christmas carols, Christmas decorations, gift-giving, extravagant meals, spending time with loved ones and attending church. Christmas day brings people to together to celebrate the birth of Christ, it increases consumerism and proliferates interactions amongst family, friends and strangers.
The foundation of the functionalist approach of culture lies in works of well-renowned sociologist, Emilie Durkheim. He “seeks to understand the social role that religion plays in the functioning of human societies.”(Grazian, 2010, 25) Durkheim studied the earliest religions known to humankind, the Aboriginal Australian and the American Indians. He “observed that these early religions heavily on the role of signs, images and symbo...
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... keeps everything the same and doesn’t account for how and why things change. Subsequently, it disregards forms of racial, gender and social inequality. For the critical approach theory, it only looks at class conflicts and overlooks other conflicts such as race, gender, ethnicity and culture. The relationships between the two groups, the bourgeoisie and proletariat is explained in terms of economics. Essentially, it fails to explain why advertising doesn’t work in certain situations and it does not provide and adequate explanation how cultural innovation works. The limitations and critiques of the symbolic interactionism approach is that it fails to account for other social factors that could hinder value-orientated actions. Correspondingly, although value and meaning is core to the symbolic interactionism approach to culture it cannot explain or predict it.
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