Defining Spirituality and Giving Meaning to Occupation
Spirituality as central element in the Canadian Model of Occupational Performance (Griffith, Caron, Desrosiers, & Thibeault, 2007) and its acknowledgment in the American Occupational Therapy Association’s Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process 2nd Edition (2008) illustrate how spirituality impacts the practice of occupational therapy. Although spirituality is an abstract concept, Griffith et al. (2007) explores how this client factor domain (American Occupational Therapy Association [AOTA], 2008) supports engagement and participation in occupational performance of the older adult.
Using the inductive research method, experiences of the human condition were collected to explore if spirituality is linked to the meaning of occupation (Griffith et al., 2007, p. 88). “If occupation is the basis for ultimate meaning, and religion is functionally defined as the filter through which we assign that meaning, then spirituality permeates all areas of occupation, making a direct link between occupational therapy and spirituality” (Howard and Howard, 1997, p. 102).
The exact role of spirituality in clinical practice is difficult to delineate. The understanding of spirituality as it pertains to occupational performance and occupational therapy is illustrated below (Egan & DeLaat, 1994, p. 100). The analysis of the
article “Defining Spirituality and Giving Meaning to Occupation” (Griffith et al., 2007) supports how spirituality addresses occupation and its relationship to clinical practice.
Meaningful occupation is the fundamental element of occupational therapy. Griffith et al. (2007) gleaned a...
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...rapy Association, 78-90.
Howard, B. S., & Howard, J. R. (1997). Occupation as spiritual activity. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 181-185.
Thompson, B. E., & MacNeil, C. (2006). A phenomenological study exploring the meaning of a seminar on spirituality for occupational therapy students. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 531-539. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/A phenomenological study exploring the meaning of a seminar on...-a0208219650
Vrkljan, B. (2000, March/April). The role of spirituality in occupational therapy practice. Retrieved September 25, 2011, from Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists: http://www.caot.ca/otnow/rch2000-eng/march2000-eng.cfm
Wilding, C. (2002). Where angels fear to tread: Is spirituality relevant to occupational herapy practice? Australian Occupational Therapy Jour
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