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In the functional definitions that were defined in the book and by Clifford Geertz, I found little error and would like to expand on my opinion on their definitions. The book defined religion, if I remember correctly as, any person's reliance upon a pivotal value was that person finds essential wholeness as an individual and as a person-in-community." Well, I broke the definition down into similar terms to appreciate its meaning. I interpreted this definition as someone's dependence on an essential value where that person finds it necessary for personal completeness. In other words ones religion is what it takes for that individual to feel complete, I do not feel that this is true for all religions. Now when I broke it down for my personal clarity, I found error in this definition. Not all people practicing a religion would agree that they depend on their religion to complete them as a whole. Yes this would be true of most religions but not of all religions. That is why I find it erroneous when it is being used to define a word that has many more options for words of choice than referring to it as being necessary for wholeness, when some people see their religious practices as daily stress reducers and not as completing them as individuals. I believe the feeling of completion in your life is a personal view and to whom that person shares an identity with. This would include close family and religious family.
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Geertz definition of religion that is defined in our text, states that religion has two major functions. The first function was defined as a comprehensive system of symbolic meanings for understanding the nature of reality. The other function is said to be a system of values that enforce complete devotion. The two functions together are in Geertz opinion inseparable. I described my interpretation of the definition so that you can understand how comprehended the definitions. I agree with Geertz on all aspects except that the symbolic meanings are for understanding the nature of reality. I feel that some symbolic gestures have personal meaning and are not symbolic to an individual or group to understand the nature of reality.
My views on religion as a whole involve worship and devotion. In neither one of the definitions is worship mentioned. Religion itself is all about worship to any higher being or belief. Religion to me is based on the supernatural in most religions. And I say that because most systems worship a good or have an organized belief system to which the worship something of the supernatural. Religion is a devotion to any religious faith. I understand that a religious faith can be that in which someone performs rituals and strongly believes in the rituals in which they are performing to enlighten or connect them to a higher status. As long as you believe yourself in something and it seems to empower you as a human being, I would consider that to be a religion. It is personal perception of what you believe in and how it can affect your life or you fell that it affects the lives around you. It does not take an institutionalized system for a religion to be formed. I think that religion is inner not of the outer being. Religion is also based on a group or individual's attitude and interpretation of what they believe in. I think that all religions are being greatly altered for different reasons. With the things that go on around us, one may except some but not all the laws of a certain religion, and began to alter their religious beliefs in that system to one that they can better relate to. If a person is seeing constant violence within their environment and they are in a religion where they are being taught to "turn the other cheek," their view of that system will probably alter given the influences that they have everyday. That person would still consider themselves a follower of that religion, but with exceptions to certain beliefs and practices of that religion. This would be one example of how a religion may be altered. Religions are being altered and blended into other religions in so many ways, it is hard to distinguish of which religion some groups are following because they have incorporated other religions into their practices so that it adjust to their lifestyles.
The definitions used in the book are good definitions, but too broad. I think that both definitions are vague, but they are vague so that they stay in the guidelines of applying to all religions. It would be harder to personalize these definitions because once you add precision you lose different religion groups. I understand why these definitions not as precise as that of a certain religion like defining the Christianity Religion, or defining the Hindu Religion. When defining a certain religion it would be much easier to define that particular religion. The definition of religion is going to be viewed differently by different religious preferences. Coming up with a brief definition to define religion is not likely if you want to satisfy all religions at once. I feel that the definition of religion is each persons own inner opinion and that to each is own.