Anonymity and independence were found to be necessary components to the consideration of the Deep Web as a public sphere. In this regard, other media that are regarded as public spheres, like the surface web and newspapers, were found to be inadequate. To continue the argument that the Deep Web is an ideal public sphere, its content will be discussed, demonstrating an accessible interface in both demographics, geography, and design. While many people use an iceberg metaphor signifying the small tip as the surface web, and the large body underneath as the Deep Web, researching further statistics will show its capabilities for populating a public sphere. According to a study, author Michael Bergman recorded the Deep Web being 1000 to 2000 times larger than the surface web, with over 750 TB of information and data, 95% of which is accessible to the public free of charge. Thus, in consideration of its size and content in comparison to the surface web, the research provided by Bergman offers perspective into the Deep Web’s accessibility and capacity for populating the public sphere. These qualities are important in characterizing the Deep Web both as a public sphere, as well as its capacity for improvement.
In regards to technical interface, the Deep Web takes advantage of using multiple URL protocols alternative H...
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...terpreted as a formulation of public opinion. For example, in recent news, users of the Deep Web leaked data from a Canadian website called Ashley Madison. The hackers released the personal information of many users, resulting in a 760 million dollar class-action lawsuit. The action was undoubtedly in criminal nature, and has seen consequences to both the website and the lives of its users. However, one can also interpret the leaking of Ashley Madison data as the rejection of adultery in society. In other words, it is evident that individuals came together to identify adultery, and its use and encouragement in media like the internet, as a social issue, resulting in action that attempts to incite social change and promote public opinion. It is important to distinguish that this observation is not condoning the criminal behaviour of infringing on other’s personal
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