The Decline Of The Roman Republic Essay examples

The Decline Of The Roman Republic Essay examples

Length: 1186 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Late Roman Republic had internal turmoil in 133 BC due to the economic stagnation in the urban area of Rome caused the Roman Republic’s government underwent a violent transition from an inefficient oligarchy to a reliable dictatorship government. Among varying issues that attribute to such a transition, political infighting and the rise of private army are the most responsible ones because it is the easiest way to capture a fortress is from within, which is fixed by Augustus by use his political reform and his military reform for the empire.
First of all, the civil war played a common trait in any system, but even the greatest of Romans like Scipio Africanus, became one of the victims to the whims of politicians. During the late of Roman Republic, since the destruction of Carthage in 146 BCE, Rome eventually defeated the external enemy; the Republic fell into the provincial corruption and internal civil discord that resulted from inequities in the class system. The jobless urban populace provided an opportunity for the rise of plebeian Tribuneship such as the brothers Gracchi. Through their hands, the citizen assemblies became for popular agendas tore at the Senatorial power, which resulted a political infighting in the Roman Republic.
The civil war later triggered more critical problems with the military, and these issues were intersected on varying levels. According to Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire, “Contending generals set Rome’s armies against each other and the urban masses were easily aroused by politicians called populares for their aggressive support of the populus Romanus”.(Mellor, p.4). In addition, the wealthy eastern provinces, the Roman governors gained extraordinary personal wealth from provinc...


... middle of paper ...


... all the effective powers of any consul. And Augustus stated that “A standing army also should be supported, drawn from the citizens, the subject nations, and the allies, its size in the several provinces being greater or less as necessity demands.” (Mellor, p101).
In conclusion, the restoration of an orderly government was hard work done by Augustus, and it was appreciated. The imperial administration was more efficient and more welcomed by the locals than republican administration. More importantly, Augustus was looked upon as a savior of traditional Roman values. The reformation on form of government and the role of the military, helped to bring stability and security and the prosperity to the Roman Empire which had been previously rocked by internal turmoil and chaos. Indeed, Augustus left a unified, peaceful empire that lasted for at least another 200 years.




Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The History of the Roman Republic: From Beginning to Decline Essay

- The early Roman Republic was one of the greatest civilizations of all time. The Roman government was so great, that it has been copied for centuries by other countries, including the United States. Rome was ruled by the Etruscans for hundreds of years. The Etruscans taught Rome to be civilized. They were taught the alphabet, “promoted trade, the development of metallurgy, and better agriculture in and around Rome.”(Butler) The Romans gained their independents from the Etruscans in 509 B.C, and created their own government, a republic....   [tags: Plebeians, Julius Caesar]

Better Essays
903 words (2.6 pages)

The Decline Of The Roman Empire Essay

- The Roman Empire will always be known as one of the largest, most influential, and most powerful civilizations in history. Ancient Rome gave the world many things essential to our daily lives even today from concrete to sewage systems. Because of the magnitude of Ancient Rome, it’s collapse was a watershed moment in the history of the world. The primary cause of Rome’s fall is widely debated but what is clear is that there were many factors, internal and external, that eventually caused Rome to collapse....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1632 words (4.7 pages)

Essay about Economic Collapse of the Roman Republic

- The Roman Republic was one of the three phases of the ancient Roman civilization that began with overthrowing the monarchy and ended with the imperial period from 509 B.C.E to 29 B.C.E. It was the biggest civilization at the time (Roman republic, 2014). Starting from First century B.C.E., the Republic’s complex constitution and laws started to weaken as the Republic grew. Because of its size and population, corruption and a continuous power vacuum are more likely to occur (M. Beard, 2011). The Republic was constantly expanding because the Romans needed slaves from wars (V....   [tags: ancient roman civilization, monarchy]

Better Essays
1530 words (4.4 pages)

Julius Caesar and the Fall of the Roman Republic Essay examples

- How was it possible that under the dictatorship and after the deification of Julius Caesar the Roman republic fell, when it had been structurally sound for four centuries before. When the republic was established around the end of the 6th century B.C.E., the Romans made clear that they wished to avoid all semblance of the monarchy that had ruled for two centuries before. (T.J. Cornell, The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC), London and New York: Routledge, 1995; p....   [tags: Fall of Roman Empire]

Better Essays
2913 words (8.3 pages)

Essay on The Decline Of The Roman Empire

- To many people, the mention of the Roman Empire invokes thoughts of gladiators, debauchery, and the abuse of power. To others, it brings visualizations of classical statues, beautiful temples, and mythological gods. The Roman Empire was all of that and more. The saying, “Rome wasn’t built in a day” is true and its fall and decline happened gradually as well. Ancient Rome has inspired volumes of historical works, theatrical plays, and even movies in more recent times. More specifically, its fall and decline have fascinated people for centuries and there are harbingers who warn of current political trends that mimic Rome’s mistakes....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Augustus]

Better Essays
910 words (2.6 pages)

Gnaeus Pompey and the fall of the Roman Republic Essay

- Events which stretch as far back as the reforms of the Gracchi brothers’ meant that the Rome was facing a Republic that was already deteriorating before Pompey had stepped into power. While Pompey’s quest for power was harmful, many other factors were also baleful to the Republic, and were hence instrumental in its decline. Gnaeus Pompeius’s measures to gain power were harmful because it was primarily a paradox to the principles of being part of a Republic with all its notions of shared and short power....   [tags: Roman History Essays]

Better Essays
790 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about The Rise Of The Roman Empire

- The Roman empire will forever hold a legacy as the greatest and longest standing empires in history. The reasons that a powerful empire such as Rome stood for so long holds a direct link towards two men, Julius Caesar and Augustus. Rome was a fierce and intimidating empire for many, and it ironically has similar attributes to the powerful figures who shaped it. Caesar and Augustus both single handedly changed the empire in the ways they knew best, the empire was not always known as an empire though....   [tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Republic, Augustus]

Better Essays
1891 words (5.4 pages)

Rome 's Influence On The Roman Empire Essay

- Once Rome was a land empire the republic encountered many other Mediterranean cultures. These cultures include Egypt, Greece, Celts and many more. Rome adopted different ideas from these cultures and incorporated them to shape the Roman Empire we know today. The Romans accepted these new cultures as a new way of living and a standard norm as the Roman Empire continued. Whether they learned or stole these ideas, they all assist in the Roman culture. Some of the characteristics that were brought to the Roman culture include coinage, religion, architecture, art, clothing, and many others....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Greeks, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1558 words (4.5 pages)

The Roman Of Roman Empire Essays

- Although the Roman Empire is reveled for its success and size, it had deep-rooted political imperfections that could never be fully eradicated, and ultimately led to its demise. Rome’s slave-based economy led to the upper class exploiting and living off all classes below them. Rapid and vast expansion led to decentralization of Roman industry and agriculture, as well as serious monetary inflation. Finally, upper class corruption and manipulation of government powers led to an unsustainable, extremely top-heavy empire....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Social class]

Better Essays
1600 words (4.6 pages)

The Roman Empire Of The Third Century Essay

- The Roman Empire of the third century saw a period of great instability due to the short reigns of its many emperors. It was dangerous to be the emperor in an era that was filled with rebellions and multiple men vying for the throne. In response to their precarious position at the head of the empire, many third century emperors tried to bolster their power through whatever means necessary. These men bought the loyalty of the army while subduing the political and military threat that the Senate posed....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Better Essays
1413 words (4 pages)