The Decline Of The Nineteenth Century Essay

The Decline Of The Nineteenth Century Essay

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It is commonly said that the only constant thing in life is change. In today’s world change is inevitable, even revered as the process for prosperity calls for it. There would not be a new and improved phone or car every few months without a high expectation for change. But it was not until the nineteenth century that this was so. The nineteenth century was the turning point for the world’s economies as, “the world was experiencing not only a dramatic change in industry [...] but also a transition to industry from agriculture.” This move from agriculture to industry showed how nations needed to modernize in order for the population to thrive. Just like today, during the eighteenth century, populations differed from one side of the earth to the other; for instance one area of the world was able to prosper before industrialization took hold, while one was floundering. It is easiest to divide the world into the categorization of east and west, with the east made of what is now known as Asia and the Middle East and the west being predominantly Europe and occasionally the United States. The east and the west have always had differences between each other. When it comes to modernization, although the east was more prosperous and economically advanced than the west before the rise of the Industrial Revolution in the eighteen hundreds, it was the west that began to industrialize first. In order to fully understand why the west changed their economies first, comparing two nations from each area would be able to provide insight for these differences. The most helpful examples are China and Britain. From the west Britain is a clear choice when comparing nations during this era of transformation as it began to industrialize before any other ...

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...s because, “rice has the unique capability of gaining nutrients not directly from the soil, but from the water [...] eliminating the need for the land to lay fallow, as was the custom in Europe, to regain its fertility.” Another agricultural advantage China had over Europe was the introduction and cultivation of the sweet potato. China, who was introduced to sweet potatoes by British colonizers, had the proper land and climate to grow the sweet potato. In Europe populations were growing but the food source was remaining the same, China’s food source was able to grow alongside its population. Before the Industrial Revolution, the biggest difference between Britain and China was that China could keep up with the growing population while Britain could not. Thus demonstrating that China was able to keep a stable economy and not have a need to change the system in place.

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