According to Richard W. Scholl (1999), there are three components of every decision. The standards in which decision makers assess alternatives, or the criteria. The specific courses of action or options being considered are the alternatives. The cause and effect beliefs of Scholl's system are observations linking alternatives to criteria. Lunenburg and Ornstein (2004) believe that the decision-making is a rational process where decision-makers want to maximize the chances of reaching their objectives by factoring in all alternatives, consequences for those alternatives and reaching the final decision. Lunenburg and Ornstein's decision-making model is based completely on the concept of rationality. According to the model, the decision-making process can be broken down into six logical steps: identifying the problem, generating, evaluating, and choosing alternatives, and implementing and evaluating the decision.
The first step in Lunenburg and Ornstein's decision-making process is identifying the problem. If there is no problem, there is no need to make a decision. Next, after identifying and defining the problem, one should generate but not evaluate a list of all possible alternatives, no matter how ridiculous the alternative may be. By eliminating altern...
... middle of paper ...
...ducts come with more technicalities. For the new accounting program, I used the same principle of choosing from the middle. This will not only be easier on the employees during training but also cut down the training time drastically.
When I turned in my decision to my employer, I gave him the spreadsheet with the pros and cons so that he could see exactly what the employees wanted and what I based my decision on. The green light is on, and now the company is implementing the network and accounting systems that I chose, based on my own personal decision-making model.
Lunenburg, F.C., & Ornstein A.C. (2004). Decision-Making [Electronic Version]. Educational Administration Concepts and Practices, 6, 6-17.
Scholl, R.W. (1999, October 2) Decision-Making Models. Retrieved October 10, 2005, from http://www.cba.uri.edu/schol/Decision_Making_Models.htm
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In order for employees to be empowered, there are some decisions that must be made. The first factor is the importance of decision quality. Importance of decision quality is used when determining If one decision will be better than another. An of this would be if a supervisor decided to sign a letter using black or blue ink. The decision on whether he will use Black or blue ink probably not make a difference in the organization. This importance of decision quality is low and needs little time to be addressed.... [tags: Decision making, Decision theory, Risk]
726 words (2.1 pages)
- The EHDI Family Decision-Making Model (Figure 1) was created to provide a graphic illustration of the study findings, and to synthesize concepts, categories and relationships. Our first research question asked, “How do decisions relate to the family context of perspective, priorities, values, personality and resources?” In the EHDI Family Decision-Making Model, the context of family is the system, or environment, in which decision-making operates, represented by a core circle. Demographic features related to decision-making included the family’s socio-economic level, the child’s level of hearing, and availability of services.... [tags: Decision making, Decision making software]
1586 words (4.5 pages)
- Running Head: WRONG DECISION-MAKING AND CONSEQUENCES 1 WRONG DECISION-MAKING AND CONSEQUENCES STUDENT NAME UNIVERSITY OF THE PEOPLE BUS 4405: Written Assignment Unit 6 March 09, 2016 WRONG DECISION-MAKING AND CONSEQUENCES 2 Introduction Every living being, even animals, has to make decision throughout their whole lives for their survivals. Because of being human beings, we are more important to make our decision properly for the sake of ourselves, our families, our villages, our towns, our country, and finally of our world as a whole.... [tags: Decision making, Decision theory]
1013 words (2.9 pages)
- Hitting roadblocks and problems while attempting to accomplish a task or while conducting business is a fact of life. Managers and leaders have numerous responsibilities and decisions that they face each day during the normal course of business. Some of these decisions are small, such as delegating a task to an appropriate subordinate. Other decisions are large, such as formulating a strategy that can affect the lives of thousands of employees within the organization and companies up and down the supply chain.... [tags: Decision making, Decision theory]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- The Fundamentals of Decision-Making Decision-making processes Three distinct decision making processes are programed decisions, operations research, and non-programed decisions (Dunn, 2010). Programed decisions are those made routinely and are well-known to the person making the decision (Dunn, 2010). Often these issues have standard rules and regulations that encompass them (Dunn, 2010). As stated by Dunn (2010), “operations research is closely aligned with systems analysis and is defined as the use of mathematical models, analytical methods, or structured inquiry to analyze a complex situation and identify the optimal approach” (p.... [tags: Decision making, Decision theory]
1104 words (3.2 pages)
- People are put in situations everyday where they are required to make a decision whether they are aware of it or not; it is understandable how one can make a decision and not even think twice about it seeing how most decisions made almost seem like second nature such as eating or going to sleep. Depending on how complex the decision being made it dictates the length of the decision making process. Some of the more complex choices people are faced with may require more thought than others, and depending on the severity of it the decision made can have long lasting effects whether it be positive or negative.... [tags: Decision making, Decision theory]
1407 words (4 pages)
- In everyday real life situations, one keeps on making various decisions depending on a number of factors. Thus, decision-making is an integral tool in human life, and one cannot avoid it. In view of this, experts report that individuals make use of varying decision-making models to arrive at a decision that suits them. Here, the writer presents four decision-making models, namely the classical, behavioral, satisficing, and optimizing models. According to Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien and Hunt (2012), "it used to be that group work was confined in concept and practice to those circumstances in which members could meet face to face” (p.151).... [tags: Decision making, Risk, Decision making software]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- Decision making can be described as a process of making a decision or decisions, based on choices made amongst two or more competing course of actions. The ‘Decision making’ also requires making a define choice between two or more alternatives course of actions that are available. In every decision making, there is said to be a positive and negative outcome as future consequence(s). The importance of decision making in individual daily life and in organization level was demonstrated by two scientists, Arkes and Hammond (1992), in ‘Judgment and Decision making’ indentified the four types of information which decision maker requires constructing a decision tree.... [tags: Decision Making]
3072 words (8.8 pages)
- Decision-Making Models Negotiations and decisions are a part of everyday business. In order to make a successful decision, it is necessary to understand how to make rational and sound decisions. Decisions that are rash, made on snap judgments, and past experiences can prove detrimental to a business. A deficit in basic thinking and decision making is felt at all levels of an organization (Gary, 1997). Decisions can have long term and short term impacts on organizations and their world in which they exist (Turner & Dean, 2008).... [tags: Decision Making]
971 words (2.8 pages)
- Decision-making models, or the path that one would choose in his or her decision-making, is heavily relied on the information one has received. By having all the correct information available, decision-making becomes an easier task. The model in which one would base his or her decision-making upon can be analyzed into six different factors: the problem at hand, the goals that want to be reached, alternatives, pros and cons, decision(s), and reason(s) behind the decision(s). According to Richard W.... [tags: Business Decision Making]
836 words (2.4 pages)