The two plays deal with similar issues of deception and hypocrisy present in the society and how people wear masks in order to conform to the social norms of their respective societies. Both the authors, Henrik Ibsen and Moliere have made effective use of ‘deception’ in order to bring their ideas and views through to their audience.’ Ghosts’ is a perfect example of a realistic play which attacks the hypocrisy present in the society and in its value systems. Ibsen therefore was known as the father of modern theatre. Tartuffe was written by Moliere in the age of reason. During this period writers usually wrote in a common genre which was known as the comedy of manners. As a form of satire, the genre of comedy was aimed at ridiculing human vices and follies in order to bring about a change in the society.
In ‘Ghosts’ deception is used to show the tragic dimensions of the play in order to bring forth the authors intension and purpose. Throughout the play we see different characters using the tool of deception in order to conform to the rules of the society and hide their own follies. The female protagonist of the play, Mrs. Alving is shown to wear a mask in front of the society and her own son in order to hide her husband’s true identity. She does not tell anyone the truth about her husband’s frivolous activities as in those days it was expected out of a woman to maintain her husband’s reputation in society. We get textual evidence of this in Act I when Mrs. Alving is confiding in Manders, “When Oswald was born, I thought I saw a slight improvement. But it didn’t last long. And after that I had to fight doubly hard – fight a desperate fight so that no one should know what sort of a man my child’s father was. …” Later on we discover...
... middle of paper ...
...s statement she ha made a statement in Act I, “And whatever he controls is well controlled. He would fain show you the way to Heaven; and my son ought to make you all love him.” Thus, we see how again the eldest member of the family is blinded by deception.
Thus here we see how Moliere has used deception in order to show the presence of hypocrisy in the society. As a comedy Tartuffe ridicules the human folly and hence leaves a stronger impact on its audience.
To conclude I would like to say that the two author’s have the same purpose but yet they make use of ‘deception’ in very different ways. Ibsen uses it as a device to show tragedy whereas Moliere uses it as a comic device to satirize his main purpose and present in front of the audience. Thus deception acts as an effective tool to bring out the truths and put an end to all the hypocrisy present in the societies.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Once people begin drinking excessively, the problem can perpetuate itself. Heavy drinking can cause physiological changes that make more drinking the only way to avoid discomfort.” A constant circle evolves where one drinks to get rid of problems, which causes more problems. Drinking to get rid of problems does not work but for a moment the problems are deceiving one to continue the habit. Love can be deceiving yet it is the most beautiful thing on earth. Randy Ramal explains that "Traditionally, the relationship between love and self-deception has been interpreted to suggest that people often deceive themselves about love in order to fulfill a deep need in them to give meaning to their... [tags: Deception, Lie]
834 words (2.4 pages)
- ... One of my best friends had been working on a portrait of her cat for 2 weeks. When she was done, she came running up to me and asked how it looked. Honestly, it wasn’t very good. I wouldn’t have known it was her cat if she didn’t already inform me. Instead of telling her that, I just nodded and said “Yeah. It looks just like him. This is one of your best pieces of art for sure!” She was happier than ever. After she walked away. When I was telling the lie, I felt awful for being dishonest, but seeing her reaction after, I felt like I did some good by making her smile and feel good about her abilities.... [tags: Lie, English-language films, Tell, Deception]
802 words (2.3 pages)
- The concepts of deception and illusion are central themes in Shakespeare’s Hamlet and are illustrated throughout the tragedy in many scenes. Many of the play’s characters are involved in schemes intended to deceive or even kill others. Characters like Claudius, Hamlet, and Polonius are good examples of duplicitous characters because they are the masterminds behind major schemes in the play. Through their deceitful actions and words, these three characters best embody the two central themes. First, Hamlet’s duplicitous nature, seen in his words and actions, helps illustrate the themes of deceit and illusion.... [tags: Hamlet, Characters in Hamlet, Deception, Gertrude]
1529 words (4.4 pages)
- Deception in Shakespeare’s “Othello” One may readily perceive the theme of Shakespeare’s “Othello” as deception. Deception appears many times in Othello, but in almost every incident the degree of deception is different. Deception is to “deceive another, illusion, or fraud” (Webster’s New World Pocket Dictionary 69), which is seen as a wrongful act. However, deception may be used to protect someone from getting hurt therefore being used with good intentions. The very first act of deception is done by the character Desdemona.... [tags: Othello Shakespeare Deception]
677 words (1.9 pages)
- Deception in Sophocles' Philoctetes and Hesiod's Theogony For many centuries, the art of deception has been a powerful tool for achieving goals, and it has spawned the ancient debate of the ends justifying the means. In the tragedy Philoctetes by Sophocles and in Hesiod's Theogony, there are many instances of deception, particularly on the part of men in the texts. For each of them, the deceit is justified as a means of building and maintaining a reputation or obtaining power. Ultimately, however, the use of deception results in putting the men in positions of further vulnerability.... [tags: Deception Sophocles Hesiod Essays]
1354 words (3.9 pages)
- Book Report-Deception Point The plot is about a new NASA satellite detecting a rare object buried deep beneath the Arctic ice. The finding, a 300 years old meteorite with fossil, is made public during the presidential elections and this is a devastating blow for Senator Sexton who has been criticising NASA for errors throughout the campaign. The president sends Rachel Sexton ,a White House intelligence analyst and daughter to senator Sexton , along with four other ordinary scientists and a team of highly ranked NASA scientists up to the Arctic to verify and confirm the authenticity of the finding.... [tags: Book Report Deception Point]
1075 words (3.1 pages)
- Deception exists in media, among prestigious universities, and perhaps most commonly in the workplace. According to Dunleavy (2010), reasons for deception in the workplace include: competitiveness, conflict, or a response to a supervisor or fellow employee (p. 241). Dunleavy develops hypotheses’, conducts experiments, and collects data to determine what is considered acceptable and unacceptable behavior as it applies to deception in the workplace. Ultimately, the reason for deceiving and the method in which one deceives, through either withholding (omission) or distortion (commission), directly effects the perception of coworkers’ credibility, power, and trustworthiness (Dunleavy, p.241).... [tags: Communication, Witholding Information]
537 words (1.5 pages)
- Deception According to Hyman (1989) deception implies that an agent acts or speaks so as to induce a false belief in a target or victim. Deception can occur in everyday life. Whether it is telling someone they look nice or not telling them that they look fat. This is an important process for forming relationships and general social interaction. However, although this is useful for social interaction, it is a serious problem in other areas.... [tags: Papers]
2510 words (7.2 pages)
- The two plays deal with similar issues of deception and hypocrisy present in the society and how people wear masks in order to conform to the social norms of their respective societies. Both the authors, Henrik Ibsen and Moliere have made effective use of ‘deception’ in order to bring their ideas and views through to their audience.’ Ghosts’ is a perfect example of a realistic play which attacks the hypocrisy present in the society and in its value systems. Ibsen therefore was known as the father of modern theatre.... [tags: Henrik Ibsen Moliere]
1894 words (5.4 pages)
- Deception Whether conducted by the patrol officer, the victim’s advocate, the prosecutor or the investigator assigned to a special unit in the criminal investigation division, the interview of a victim, witness, suspect or informant is a critical element of any investigation. Precious resources in the form of man power, money, time and equipment can be wasted because of the failure of the interviewer to conduct a complete interview and accurately evaluate the credibility of the information gained from the subject interviewed.... [tags: essays research papers]
1616 words (4.6 pages)