Essay on The Debate Surrounding The Atomic Bombings Of Japan

Essay on The Debate Surrounding The Atomic Bombings Of Japan

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The debate surrounding the atomic bombings of Japan by the United States on 6 August 1945, at the end of the Second World War, is fundamentally based on the legal, moral and military controversies that forced President Truman to sanction the use of nuclear bomb against Japan. On 25 July 1945, President Truman, Winston Churchill, the then Prime Minister of Great Britain, and Russia’s leader, Joseph Stalin, met at the Potsdam Conference to negotiate terms for ending the war. The Chairman of the Chinese Nationalist Government, Chiang Kai-Shek, had issued a declaration made during the Potsdam conference. The resolution outlined the terms under which Japan would surrender as had agreed during the conference. Japan had been given an ultimatum to surrender and failure to do so would be met with quick destruction. Even though the warning declared that rejection of the surrender order would lead to total obliteration, the declaration did not mention any use of weapons of mass destruction. Consequently, the Japanese military authority out rightly snubbed the request for unconditional surrender.
On May 1945, just a few months before the nuclear bomb was dropped the United States had engaged itself in heavy fighting against the Japanese in at Okinawa and Iwo Jima. The fighting had proved bloody with the United States sustaining more than 75,000 casualties in those battles. These victories gave the US an assurance of being within a distance that would make air strikes possible on the Japanese mainland (Maxine 24). Four years earlier, the Japanese had bombed Pearl Harbor instigating the entrance of the United States into war. The memory of the attack was still fresh and clear in the minds of most Americans. A feeling of justificatio...


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...ersons who were exposed to radiation before they were born have developed physical disabilities such as small head size or mental disability and in some cases impaired physical development.
In conclusion, the vigor of Nagasaki and Hiroshima acts as a cue not just about the ability of humankind to regenerate but also of the level to which misinformation and fear can lead to erroneous expectations. After Hiroshima and Nagasaki were attacked, most people thought that the two cities had become a nuclear wasteland. Although the direct outcome of the atomic bombings was atrocious and terrifying, with immeasurable casualties, the use of nuclear weapons did indeed end one of the most destructive wars in human history. However when President Truman decided to use nuclear weapons he opened a Pandora’s box on how the world was going to use the capabilities of nuclear power.

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