Debate on the Medicalization of the Ailment Known as ADHD Essay

Debate on the Medicalization of the Ailment Known as ADHD Essay

Length: 1538 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Among the various conditions that have risen to prominence in the American media, the debate on the medicalization of the ailment known as A.D.H.D. has proven to be controversial. There is a growing concern within the American medical community that due to various sociological reasons, the number of people diagnosed and treated for A.D.H.D. is rising drastically despite the lack of a formal test that guarantees the presence of the disorder. It must be considered that American society has medicalized A.D.H.D. to the point that more people are being treated for A.D.H.D. than there are those that actually have the condition. Due to the relaxation of A.D.H.D. symptom test standards, increased influence of pharmaceutical companies in societal matters, and the explosion of the medical advertisement industry, A.D.H.D. is becoming increasingly medicalized by American society in negative ways.
A.D.H.D. is defined as a behavioral disorder characterized by “difficulty in staying focused, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity” (NIHM). It is one of the most common behavioral disorders and is often observed during childhood and carries on to adulthood. There are three subtypes of A.D.H.D. that have been medically documented. First is the Predominantly Inattentive Type in which the afflicted displays more symptoms of inattention than hyperactivity and mainly struggles in focusing in paying attention to their actions. Second in the Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive type in which the afflicted displays more symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity than inattention and are generally restless and unpredictable. Finally, the Combined Type displays qualities of both of the other types and can be equally inattentive and disruptive. Al...

... middle of paper ...

...f the creation of new medications (to heal people and better their lives) as well as a disconnect between advertiser and consumer will become more and more pronounced. This can only lead to the destabilization of the legitimacy of modern medical companies as it increasingly appears that profit is more important than the healing of the sick. Ultimately, a restructure of the American pharmaceutical industry must be considered for an ideal future of modern medicine.

Works Cited

"Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)." NIMH RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.
Schwarz, Alan, and Sarah Cohen. "A.D.H.D. Seen in 11% of U.S. Children as Diagnoses Rise." The New York Times. The New York Times, 31 Mar. 2013. Web. 08 May 2014.
Schwarz, Alan. "The Selling of Attention Deficit Disorder." The New York Times. The New York Times, 14 Dec. 2013. Web. 09 May 2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ADHD and its diagnosis and treatment have been considered controversial since the 1970s. The controversies have involved clinicians, teachers, policymakers, parents and the media. Opinions regarding ADHD range from not believing it exists at all to believing there are genetic and physiological bases for the condition as well as disagreement about the use of stimulant medications in treatment. Some sociologists consider ADHD to be a "classic example of the medicalization of deviant behavior, defining a previously non medical problem as a medical one.” Most healthcare providers in U.S....   [tags: medications, treatments, Symptoms]

Powerful Essays
1374 words (3.9 pages)

The Medicalization of Deviance and Overview of Mental Health Courts Essay

- Medicalization of deviance in the United States (U.S.) over the years has expanded as medicine has become the main response to deviance through the use of therapeutic social control. Medicalization is referenced to in criminal justice as one of the ways of explaining deviance and is used to determine the responsibility of an offender. Deviance characterizes behaviors and actions that violate social norms and is seen as having an illness or a disease needing treatment. Therapeutic social control uses medicine and science as a treatment of deviance....   [tags: Medicalization of Deviance]

Powerful Essays
1732 words (4.9 pages)

The Medicalization of Society by Peter Conrad Essay

- Peter Conrad’s book, The Medicalization of Society: On the Transformation of Human Conditions into Treatable Disorders, examined several cases of human conditions, once viewed as normal, now considered as medical issues. Conrad defined this transition of human problems to disorders that are medically defined, studied, diagnosed and treated as “medicalization”. Specifically, Conrad discussed certain conditions, such as adult ADHD, as age related phenomena that have been medicalized. Throughout, Conrad demonstrated how these issues became medically defined because of the current research and financing structure of medicine in the United States....   [tags: treatable disorders, ethnomedical issues]

Powerful Essays
1544 words (4.4 pages)

The ADD/ADHD Controversy Essay

- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. ADHD is a broad term, and the condition can vary from person to person. There are an estimated 6.4 million diagnosed children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The condition is also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD), though this is considered an outdated term. The American Psychiatric Association released the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) in May 2013....   [tags: ADD/ADHD Essays]

Powerful Essays
630 words (1.8 pages)

A Rise in ADHD Diagnosis Analysis Essay

- “’When people don’t fit in, we react by giving their behavior a label, either medicalizing it, criminalizing it, or moralizing it,’ Nigg says,” (Koerth-Baker n.p.). Professor Joel Nigg, a professor of psychiatry at Oregon Health and Science University, made this statement in reference to the growing amount of people diagnosed with ADHD and prescribed medicine for it. The amount of people with prescriptions has increased immensely over the past several years, and will continue to grow over the next several years....   [tags: prescriptions, adhd, adderall, ritalin]

Powerful Essays
1811 words (5.2 pages)

Medicalization: The Study of Deviance Essay

- In the world that we live in today, many people would find it difficult to imagine living in a world where medicine and treatment are not readily available. The replacement of religious explanations to medical and scientific explanations has become a means of social control. If a person is in pain, they can easily set up an appointment with a doctor and receive some sort of medical diagnosis. However, there are certain instances where a problem has not been medicalized, or recognized as a medical problem, and their issue will be dismissed completely....   [tags: Mental Health ]

Powerful Essays
1769 words (5.1 pages)

ADHD and Its Treatments Essay

- The purpose of this research was to describe and understand Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the most effective treatment options that are available today. ADHD is a mental health disorder that affects 3-9% of the population in ways that, if left untreated, can wreak havoc on the mind of the sufferer. It makes concentration difficult, large tasks seem insurmountable, and causes impulsive and hyperactive tendencies. Fortunately, research and experiments have led to new and effective treatments to help those who suffer from this disorder (Dupaul 8)....   [tags: ADHD Attention Deficit Essays Disorder]

Powerful Essays
1853 words (5.3 pages)

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Essay

- Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as a behavioral disorder of childhood onset (by the age of 7 years) characterized by symptoms of inattentiveness and impulsivity/hyperactivity. Based on the type of symptoms that predominate, ADHD is classified as following:  Combined type: both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms are present  Predominantly inattentive subtype  Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive subtype  Not otherwise specified (NOS): individuals presenting with atypical features Sex/Age Ratio: • ADHD is a developmental disorder that requires an onset of symptoms before age 7 years....   [tags: ADHD Essays]

Free Essays
1064 words (3 pages)

The Known World by Edward Jones Essay

- A new outlook on pre-Civil War slavery is portrayed in Edward Jones' novel "The Known World". Unlike many well-known novels that cover slavery, Jones chose to focus on the thoughts and emotions of both the slaves and slave-owners and how they interact with each other. Set in a wealthy Virginia county, the practice of owning slaves is common to the white man and the black man as well. The main focus of the story is Henry Townsend, a black former slave that was bought out of slavery by his father, who was also a former slave....   [tags: Edward Jones Known World Book Review]

Powerful Essays
1018 words (2.9 pages)

ADHD Essay

- ADHD Upon shadowing a fourth grade teacher at Deer Ridge Elementary School, I decided to talk with her about the students in her classroom. Mrs. Riley first set the scene of the school for me by stating that it was in the southwest suburban area of Fort Wayne, Indiana, and this particular school was not hurting for money. She then began to explain the different children in her classroom. There were twenty-eight students from a variety of different backgrounds. There were also two students with ADHD....   [tags: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder]

Powerful Essays
2437 words (7 pages)