The Death Rates For Colorectal Cancer Essay

The Death Rates For Colorectal Cancer Essay

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One of the leading causes of death in the United States is cancer. Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Although there are several types of cancers, colorectal cancer is the third deadliest form of cancer in both men and women. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. Non-cancerous polyps can form in the colon and can turn into cancer overtime. Colon cancer is known as a slow progressing disease (National Cancer Society , 2007). According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2011; 135,260 people in the United States were diagnosed with colorectal cancer, including 70,099 men and 65,161 women. In the United States 51,783 people died from colorectal cancer, including 26,804 men and 24,979 women (Group, 2014). Research from the American Cancer Society also indicates the death rates for colorectal cancer are about 45 percent higher in African Americans (AA) than in Caucasians. African Americans have the highest incidence and mortality rates of CRC among all racial groups. There are many risk factors associated with this disease including increase of age, particularly those 50 years of age and older. Other risk factors include family history, history of inflammatory bowel disease, type-2 diabetes, as well as race and ethnic background. Lifestyle risk factors include a diet that is high in red meats, physical inactivity, obesity, smoking and heavy alcohol use (National Cancer Society , 2007). African American men have the highest overall rates of colon cancer especially detected at the last stages of cancer. They are less likely to get colonoscopy screenings which is a direct cause in their high incidence and ...

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...d schedule dates. Worksites could analyze their demographics and start promoting preventative care. Politicians, policy makers and organizations can conduct public awareness and educational campaigns. At the policy level health departments can work to expand colorectal cancer screening. Policy can have colorectal cancer screening mandated through health insurance. Local community members can work to create a colorectal cancer awareness month or week. This can also work through on job sites. There are multiple determinants of health and it must be addressed at the intrapersonal level, interpersonal level, community and policy in order to successfully help people become healthier and make healthier decisions. Early detection in colon cancer is critical in reducing mortality. Addressing education and promotion at every level will help increase colonoscopy screenings.

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