The beliefs, morals, and traits of the lead character Willy Loman are based off of the American Dream. As the play develops his failure to attain the American Dream is demonstrated through his belief that personality trumps hard work, his visions of his older brother Ben, and the denial of his failure. Arthur Miller used Willy Loman to demonstrate a significant flaw in society, the belief that personality trumps hard work. A prime of example of this is Willy’s tone and word choice while describing Charley. In a flashback when Willy returns from selling in Providence and Boston, young Biff, Happy, and Willy (relative) start to...
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...the American Dream because according to the Dream everybody can achieve greatness, but the play demonstrates that only a select few can. Bernard and Charlie are instrumental in criticizing the American Dream and instead demonstrate a realistic attainable version unlike Ben 's absurd version. This is done through Bernard 's success, the mocking of Red Grange, and Charley helping Willy.
Whether or not everyone has the chance to succeed is always based on the situation that they find themselves in, and in this case the chance of attaining the so-called American Dream is minimal. The American Dream is criticized through numerous characters and situations, ranging from Willy and Biff to Bernard and Charlie. Arthur Miller used these characters and situations to point out key flaws in the American Dream, and the most important thing, to never take anything at face value.
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