A problem can be defined as subject of concern between what is desired and what an actual situation is there, which makes it difficult to achieve a desired goal, purpose. A solution of a problem is an act performed in order to reduce the effects of the current situation and which gives direction to accomplish the goal or objective.
Planning is a way to respond to the changes occurring in the environment around a person systematically. Planning is an approach towards the problem solving rationally. It can be taken as a remedial tool for creating change in the current situation in systematic and efficient way.
A problem in a planning profession will be
The solution found by planners to varied situations in practice very dependent on the certain criteria like social, economic, environmental, and political. The evaluation of a solution on these criteria defines the success of a solution.
The new definition of the planning problems was given by Rittle and Webber in their path breaking article (Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning) 1973 article they declared that the ways for solving problems by linear method for problem solving are over and this is the effect of the change in the modern society and increasing social complexities which makes them difficult to define the problems and also that the dependency is based on political reasoning. 
According to the complexities involved in the problem, and methodologies used for solving the problems, planning problems can be categorized into three categories, Tame problems, Wicked problems and Super wicked problems.
The Tame problems are the ones which have a well defined problem statement and the rational approa...
... middle of paper ...
...enhead (1996), of the London School of Economics
4. Wicked Problems in Design Thinking Author(s): Richard Buchanan Source: Design Issues, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Spring, 1992), pp. 5-21 Published by: The MIT Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/
6. Wicked Problems Structuring Social Messes with Morphological Analysis ©Tom Ritchey 2005-2008 Swedish Morphological Society (Downloaded from: www.swemorph.com)
7. Rittel, Horst (1972) “On the Planning Crisis: Systems Analysis of the ’First and Second Generations’,” Bedriftsøkonomen, Nr. 8.
8. Rittel, Horst and Melvin Webber (1973) “Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning,” Policy Sciences 4, Elsevier Scientific Publishing, Amsterdam,
9. Conklin, J. (2001). “Wicked Problems and Social Complexity.” CogNexus Institute. [Online]. Available from the World Wide Web: http://cognexus.org/wpf/wickedproblems.pdf
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- American society has gone through several cultural changes over the recent decades. Something Wicked This Way Comes was written during a time of great social change; the author, Rad Bradbury, did a thorough job in reflecting the changing social environment of the 60s within his own characters. In 1962, the year in which Something Wicked This Way Comes was released, the youth of the United States were experiencing the Hippie movement, the adults of the 60s were dealing with the process of excepting their new found places in the world, and the society of the 60s faced an incessant issue with self acceptance.... [tags: Rad Bradbury, hippie movement, countercultures]
918 words (2.6 pages)
- Something Wicked This Way Comes Throughout Something Wicked This Way Comes there is an ongoing battle between good and evil, and many problems dealing with greed. In most stories good prevails, but things happen differently this time. The characters have problems with greed and evil thoughts, which will bring them misfortune throughout the story. During the story the author often uses foreshadowing to give hints to the reader of things that will happen in the future. When the story starts, a storm is coming on a late October night.... [tags: Essays Papers]
477 words (1.4 pages)
- Describe the leadership attributes you aspire to. Include your reasoning on why you selected these attributes in relation to your role in public health. 598 words Managing public health organizations, solving problems, and dealing with crises require a competent leader who possesses certain personal attributes and specific skills that enhance leadership effectiveness in boosting participation and commitment among the team members to attain the set goals (Merson, et al., 2012). Being a well oriented leader and a decent listener require a strong and adherent team with defined and shared goals.... [tags: Public Health Organizations, Solving Problems]
1690 words (4.8 pages)
- The Success of The Tudors in Dealing With Their Problems The Tudors faced a great deal of problems in their reign between 1485 and 1603. Their start of their reign was the start to modern age. All rulers of The Tudors experienced very difficult problems. First of all, Henry VIII experienced a lot of problems; Henry had married his brother's widow, Catherine of Aragon, in 1509. Catherine had produced only one surviving child - a girl, Princess Mary, born in 1516. By the end of the 1520s, Henry's wife was in her forties and he was desperate for a son.... [tags: Papers]
572 words (1.6 pages)
- Wicked, the Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the East is a fantasy book by Gregory Maguire. It follows the life of the Wicked Witch, the character from the Wizard of Oz, from her birth to her death, or her pseudo-death. It also explores the question the nature of good and evil. The main character is, of course, the Wicked Witch, Elphaba. She is born green, with really sharp teeth, and afraid of water. When she gets near water, she just gets really scared, and when she cries or a couple drops of water get on her it burns her.... [tags: Wicked, Gregory Maguire]
1339 words (3.8 pages)
- “Someone knows your secret dream, that one great wish that you would pay anything for. That person suddenly makes your dream come true - before you learn the price you have to pay“, (Something Wicked This Way Comes . Jake Clayton , Walt Disney Productions, 1983). Ray Bradbury’s novel, Something Wicked This Way Comes is a science fictional/ fantasy novel about an ongoing battle between good and evil. Jim Nightshade and Jim Halloway are two young boys who are about to undergo a life-changing experience as well as the town of Greentown, Illinois.... [tags: Something Wicked This Way Comes, Ray Bradbury, ]
743 words (2.1 pages)
- All societies and human beings have a set of beliefs for ordering the world. Religion and magic are belief systems used by many societies. This essay will discuss the function and moral dimensions of both magic and religion, and focus on the need to explore human beliefs and behaviours in the context of the society in which they occur. I will also discuss the way in which magic and religion use various processes to provide psychological reassurance to individuals, leading to the conclusion that both belief systems incorporate equally rational ways of dealing with problems.... [tags: essays research papers]
1450 words (4.1 pages)
- Dealing with Problems Between Parents and Teenagers Every parent is subject to the continuous complaining and abuse from their supposedly devoted, kind and mature teenagers. Furthermore they are all familiar to the comments like, “your tight”, “I never asked to be born” and of course just simply, “I hate you”. So how can a parent deal with this and what should they do. Many parents either just give up or alternatively say the answer is to be strict. But it isn’t as simple as that.... [tags: Free Essays]
419 words (1.2 pages)
- The Success of the Liberals from 1906-1914 in Dealing with Domestic Problems The liberals winning the 1906 landslide election certainly signified a dramatic change for the working class people of Britain, as compared with the traditional ‘lassiez Faire’ and ‘self help’ policies that Conservative leaders such as Gladstone advocated, the Liberals symbolised ‘freedom’ for the people. However, despite this image, in order to assess the success of the party’s dealing with their problems, the real impact on ordinary ‘domestic’ life needs to be taken into consideration.... [tags: Papers]
1718 words (4.9 pages)
- Weimar Republic's Success in Dealing With Economic and Political Problems When the Republic was first 'born' in 1919 they faced a huge amount of problems - both internal and external. Not only did they have a remarkably unstable government, but also faced threats from both the left and the right. Furthermore to this their economic problems were extremely acute. Historians such as Stephen Lee believe that the government "emerged by 1924 with a stability that suggested reasonable success".... [tags: Papers]
1484 words (4.2 pages)