David Hume 's Philosophy / Free Will Essay

David Hume 's Philosophy / Free Will Essay

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Megell Strayhorn
Period: 7
Goldberg/ Philosophy/ Free Will Essay/ Autumn 2014

To answer the question if human beings possess free will successfully, you have to understand what ‘free will’ actually means. Free will is having the the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate. The ability to act on one 's own desires. There are a couple different ways of answering the free will question that get broken down into three main beliefs; Compatibilism, Libertarianism, and Determinism. Libertarians believe that humans are capable of possessing free will. Determinists believe that all events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes external to will. They believe that human beings are not morally responsible for any decisions they make. Compatibilism is the belief that free will and determinism are compatible ideas, and that it is possible to believe both without being logically inconsistent. Compatibilists believe freedom can be present or absent in any situation.The Compatibilists view has been the most persuasive.
David Hume carefully analyses Libertarianism. Libertarianism suggests that we are entirely free to make morally responsible decisions. Libertarianism considers the fact that some aspects of life can be determined but the determined aspects are only affected by the inner self of the moral agent which in itself is uncaused. It is our moral self that is free to choose, yet factors like the moral agent 's character values which or which not to act upon.
Waddan 's religiously supported view states that the Ten Commandments
are only understandable if we are free to choose whether to obey them or not: If God had been a libertarian, we 'd have gotten the Ten Suggestions (James P. Ho...

... middle of paper ...

...set person is self conscious about their-self, when they are figuring out what they want to wear, it has pretty much been determined that they will not wear a tank top but they have a number of different options like a t-shirt, a sweater, or a hoodie.
Intentions or desires may determine our values or personalities but our actual choices still remain free. External and internal causes best explain this idea. External causes like religion are determined while internal causes are your own free choices. This is called having an internal locus of control. It’s having the belief that all actions or outcomes have to do with one’s effort, attitude, or preparation. In the end we are still morally responsible for our actions even though determinism may be present during our decision making process. Human beings should be considered free to a certain extent, but not entirely.

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