Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, Social Darwinism and Hitler Essay

Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, Social Darwinism and Hitler Essay

Length: 1872 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Social Darwinism was one of the most powerful movements in the nineteenth century Germany, believes professor Jerry Bergman. As the movement escalated, Jews became non-human to the Germans. That was one of the reasons the Nazis did not feel any remorse at the time, because they had deprived the Jews of every piece of humanity that they obtained. Social Darwinism was first brought up by British philosopher and sociologist, Herbert Spencer. Social Darwinism goes back to the earliest form, which is Darwinism. Because social Darwinism and Darwinism have similar name, people think they are the same concept, but they are two completely different theories. Social Darwinism was a way to classify the “fit” from the “unfit.” Darwinism, on the other hand, was the way species evolve through time to become more adapt to their environment. Through history, social Darwinism has appeared repeatedly. For example social Darwinism was used in the progressive and imperialism era. Social Darwinism in the holocaust differs from social Darwinism in the Progressive era or the imperialism era, by the ways that people reacted to the situations. Social Darwinism in the holocaust gave scientific justification to the actions of the Nazis (Bergman). Spencer’s theory of social Darwinism, encouraged and pushed the Nazis on subjects such as: stereotyping that led to the Jews to be acknowledged as a race, eugenics, racial supremacy, and the superior race taking out the weaker races.
Social Darwinism brings about much confusion when comparing it to the original Darwinism. Social Darwinism is the idea that one type of race is better than another type. The theory “survival of the fittest” best represents this idea. “Survival of the fittest” refers to the weaker ra...


... middle of paper ...


... 2011.
“Holocaust Encyclopedia.” Untied Sates Holocaust Memorial Museum. Ns. 6 Jan 2011. Web. 14 March 2011.
“laissez-faire.” Mariam-Webster Dictionary. Google. Nud. web. 29 March 2011.
McConnell, Tandy. “Anti-Semitism: Did the Holocaust have it’s Origins in the Social Darwinism of the Nineteenth Century?” History in Dispute. Vol. 11: The Holocaust, 1933-1945. Detroit: St. James Press, 2003. 17-26. Global Issues IN Context. Web. 28 March 2011.
Lennox, James. “Darwinism.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics.
Nelson, Joe. “Origins OF the Holocaust.” Signature School, Evansville. 12 April 2011. Lecture.
Research Lab. 19 January 2010. Web. 30 March 2010.
Ruse, Michael. The Evolution- Creation Struggle. London: Harvard University Press, 2005. Print. 28 March 2011.
"Social Darwinism." Ohio History Central. Ns. July 1, 2005. Web. 29 March 2011

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection, Social Darwinism and the Catholic Church

- A dark dense rainforest, the sound of rain falling on green leaves and the chatter of birds in the canopy surrounds you. On the forest ground two dark shapes circle each other, both let out an ear-piercing roar that silences the entire forest. The dark shapes revealed themselves to be a pair of male gorillas, suddenly they rear up on their back legs and clash together in a fury of swinging arms. The larger gorilla gets a direct blow to the other one as the crunch of bone fills the silent jungle air....   [tags: Social Darwinism]

Term Papers
1196 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Hitler 's Theory Of Natural Selection

- Introduction Hitler and his Nazi Party were famously known for their strong ideas of ridding the Earth of those who were unfit for society. These often included the Jewish population and those who were physically and mentally handicapped. Those who were “unfit” in Hitler’s eyes were placed in extermination camps where they were forced to work, participate in unethical science experiments or simply killed. Hitler’s mentality of killing off “weaker” people is very similar to the ideas of Charles Darwin....   [tags: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, The Holocaust]

Term Papers
1878 words (5.4 pages)

Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Social Darwinism Essay

- In 1859, a biologist named Charles Darwin postulated a scientific theory, which stated that all living organisms evolved through a process of natural selection. According to Stephen Hawking, Charles Darwin claimed that the offspring of a particular species gradually evolved themselves genetically to resist the changes in the environment (573). The theory contended that the organisms could adapt to the changes in the environment through the survival of the fittest. Though this theory is regarded as a breakthrough in the field of biological evolution, it is interesting to explore how this seemingly scientific theory has been suitably modified, and intellectually applied to both negative...   [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]

Term Papers
1187 words (3.4 pages)

Explanation Of The Concept Of Natural Selection And How It Takes Place Essay

- Explanation of the concept of natural selection and how it takes place: Natural selection is one of the basic mechanisms of evolution wherein the “struggle for existence” will favour individuals with advantageous variations. These traits are inherited by offspring and passed down through generations. Firstly, a random mutation/variation arises. The environment and selective pressures surrounding the organism then determines whether this will be an advantageous or disadvantageous trait. This variation could be a difference in colour, smell, bone structure etc....   [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Natural selection]

Term Papers
1265 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The Theory Of Social Darwinism

- The theory of Social Darwinism stems from the idea that the human species can progress by following the principal of Charles Darwin’s natural selection, in which he states that plants and animals that can adapt to changes in their environment are able to survive and reproduce, while those that cannot adapt will die. Social Darwinists applied this biological concept to social, political and economic issues, which created the “survival of the fittest” attitude, as well as competition and inequality between social groups....   [tags: Charles Darwin, Natural selection, Racism]

Term Papers
757 words (2.2 pages)

Social Darwinism Essay

-      Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, a scientific theory that supported the belief of evolution, was manipulated and applied to different areas of life, and thus it became the shaping force in European thought in the last half of the nineteenth century. Darwin, through observation of organisms, determined that a system of natural selection controlled the evolution of species. He found that the organisms that were most fit and assimilated to the environment would survive. They would also reproduce so that over time they would eventually dominate in numbers over the organisms with weaker characteristics....   [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]

Term Papers
1192 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Social Darwinism and Social Welfare in the United States

- The interplay and relationship between Social Darwinism and Social Welfare in the United States typify the nation's struggle to make the best of a capitalist society, while at the same time correcting pitfalls. Social Darwinism in our capitalist society compares wealth with fitness, but historically, unregulated markets given the false sanction of natural law have proven out that Darwinist economic competition has a destructive side for society. The role of raw power, the frequency of failure and the spirit of want has out of necessity, fostered a fiscal and monetary policy defined as social welfare, in order to conserve some commitment and core of resistance to the corrosive impact of ma...   [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]

Term Papers
1245 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Socialism More Beneficial than Social Darwinism

- The ideas of Social Darwinism and Socialism were first theorized by those in the age of industrialization, when the gap between the social classes was continuing to grow. Social Darwinism is a philosophy that was taken off of the theory of Darwinism in two aspects that were applied to society. One, survival of the fittest. Those who succeeded in life were the ones who were “fit”, in addition, those who failed were left to be weeded out, Secondly, the idea of natural selection as applied to society....   [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]

Term Papers
698 words (2 pages)

Nazi Use of Darwinism Essay

- After the Great War in the nineteenth century, European nations had a difficult time finding economic stability. Germany took full responsibility for starting World War I and by signing the Treaty of Versailles, Germany agreed to give up huge portions of territory and pay reparation to victorious allies. The harsh principles which were outlined by the Treaty of Versailles made economic stability in Germany difficult to achieve and caused Germany to suffer from inflation and the Great Depression....   [tags: History, Politics, The Treaty of Versailles]

Term Papers
1504 words (4.3 pages)

Social Darwinism: An Ideology for Mass Murder Essay

- In 1859, a new philosophy promoting the theory of evolution was introduced to the world by Charles Darwin in his book, The Origin of Species. In this work, Darwin espoused humans evolve by struggling through a process of natural selection, rather than by the influence of a divine creator. Darwin’s view of this evolutionary struggle came to be described simply as “survival of the fittest.” Although Darwin cannot be blamed for the Holocaust, overwhelming evidence exists, which identifies Social Darwinism as a major influence behind the Nazi leadership’s effort to exterminate the Jewish race during the Second World War.v While the title of Darwin’s work is generally recognized as The Origin of...   [tags: Philosophy, Theory of Evolution, Charles Darwin]

Term Papers
882 words (2.5 pages)