Darwin 's Theory On Nature Vs Nurture Essay example

Darwin 's Theory On Nature Vs Nurture Essay example

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Darwin’s theory ties to “nature versus nurture” because its basis lies in the assumption that we are born with innate abilities. These innate abilities are then adjusted based on the environment to ensure survival. Darwin’s theory of Evolution eventually transformed into psychology’s school of thought called functionalism. Functionalism is the study of human behavior and mental processes and how these behaviors and processes assist the individual in adapting to the constantly changing environment. Darwin’s observations and theories eventually lead to the formation of comparative psychology, or the systematic study of similarities and differences within a species (Goodwin, 2012, p.141-142).
Darwin’s cousin, Francis Galton (1822-1911), was supposed to be a medical doctor as well. However, similar to Darwin, Galton was repulsed by the surgical procedures. Galton was fascinated with figuring out the best way to quantify information; measuring exactly how much of each aspect that was involved. Galton was influenced from Darwin’s theory of individual differences. Galton discovered that each individual’s fingerprint was unique, being the first to discover the use of fingerprint identification. This was just the beginning of his work on quantifying the differences between individuals, which eventually lead him to the field of psychology (Goodwin, 2012, o. 150-151).
During his forties Galton’s research began to focus on heredity, of which he also accredited to Darwin’s new views on the subject (Galton, 1908). Galton set out to understand the nature of intelligence. Considering the time in history in which Galton lived, he believed that he and his class were of superior knowledge and ability than other classes. Though Darwin never mentione...


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...uman Genome Project. The goal of the Human Genome Project was to map out all of the human genes, thereby explaining what characteristics the genes are responsible for. The ultimate product of the Human Genome project was to provide detailed information about the configuration, association, and function of the humane genes, or innate “instructions” for the development and function of humans. The project was competed in 2003, and provided a new insight on gene expression and how it manifests through characteristics. The research was completed by utilizing advances in science that allowed the sequencing of DNA (An Overview of the Human Genome Project, 2016). The Human Genome Project mapped out everything Galton had been questioning. The research was able to provide greater insight as to what characteristics were more influenced by ability, and which by the environment.

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