Darkness And Human Nature: The Analysis Of Faust And Mr.Kurtz

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When the word darkness is heard, it is usually related with the unknown. Whether it is a time or place, the unknown is usually feared, this insightful meaning is analyzed in both Faust and the heart of darkness. Faust and Mr. Kurtz are both merely figures that are used to experience new places and the interactions with new societies; both characters set out to these unknown places with an aim in mind, their individuality is altered severely and their personality and morals change to different extents. The society around us has the power to tempt individuals; Faust and Mr. Kurtz set out on paths seek a certain desire, but these temptations stand like trees in their paths and seem to find no way to go around them. Faust’s one desire was to seek out to gain more knowledge out of life, and so he makes a pact with the devil or the “baron”,mestopheles and faust sets out from the long years in his study with mestopheles to seek and fulfill this desire in the outside world, by simply interacting with the everyday life. Faust shows no weakness towards the lustful drinking party in auerbachs cellar, on the contrary he openly says that he is “inclined to leave immediately.” (line: 2295) Here he holds on to his individuality which he had shown a clear part of it before entering the cellar when he said “I never was at ease with other people, they make me feel so small and continually embarrassed.” (lines: 2058-2060) the people around the individuals have the ability to make someone feel “small” or less fortunate than other; some individuals are effected and some or not. Those who are effected undergo what is called secondary socialization, where their personality is influenced and is changed and reformed according to these people. In fausts case; he shows no sign of weakness and does not try to fit in and so he clearly shows that he isn’t enjoying himself like the other men and so he wants to leave. This did not effect his personality but another temptation did, and that was the temptation of lust or love. His strong powerful personality seems to change in the blink of an eye when he looks into the mirror in the witch’s kitchen and sees the image of the lady; he seems to forget everything especially his aim to seek knowledge and his new aim becomes this woman and all he wants is to get to her.

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