Both Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, had thoughts of the Principle of Utility and what it should be like. Bentham believes that the Principle of Utility depends on pain and pleasure and Mill believes that the Principle of Utility depends on higher pleasures and lower pleasures. Pain meaning evil and pleasure meaning good or greater benefits and higher pleasures meaning that action was good which would lead to a higher level of happiness and lower pleasures meaning bad which would lead to a decreasing level of happiness. Therefore, a normative ethical theory that has come through from this and it is Utilitarianism. The definition of Utilitarianism is a course of action that maximizes the total benefits and greatest amount of happiness to the greatest amount of people and reducing the suffering and negatives (228).
Another normative ethical theory that has come into play is Deontology. Deontology in Immanuel Kant’s point of view is all about duty and not inclination of morality. For example, the First Proposition of Morality is an action that must be done from duty to have moral worth (298). In other words, if one were feeling generous and wanted to give money to the ones who really need it, this technically would not be moral worthy according to Kant. The reason why for this is because that person did not do it out of duty but instead out of free will. For one’s action to have moral worth, it could be an example of one going to work everyday. Everyone has their own specific job to do at work and that is their duty. All in all, Kant views that deontology must come from an action of duty in order for it to be moral worthy and it is not the consequences that determines what is rig...
... middle of paper ...
...ld be more safe to the people. This would cause great benefits and happiness and would decrease pain and suffering. A Deontological hero because it his duty to protect the people of Gotham and by using this sonar system he is fulfilling these duties which would be morally worthy.
After this movie, the results were much different than what was expected. Which was, the Dark Knight, also known as Batman is a Utilitarian hero. Based on these three scenes from the movie, Batman is considered a Utilitarian hero and a Deontological hero. Also, from these three scenes, it would be aware that Batman is more of a Deontological hero rather than a Utilitarian hero inside this mixture. Overall, this movie proved that this thesis statement is incorrect which then caused surprising results when Batman was actually proven to be a mixture of both of the normative ethical theories.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Deontology Will but Utilitarianism Will Not My brother once introduced a song to me that described a scene so gruesome and so cruel that I could not help but shed a tear or two. This particular song was based on an experience by rapper, Immortal Technique. He encountered this in his youth when he was swept away by a lifestyle that promised riches and lavish things at a very expensive cost, the life of a gangster. The song starts off with a solemn tune and then moves on by telling the tale of Billy, a feeble young man desperate to prove he was evil; but what ever the case may be his greed over took him and he then decides to roll with the big thugs.... [tags: Philosophy ]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- Humans place themselves at the top of the sociological tier, close to what we as individuals call our pets who have a sentimental value in our lives. Resource animal’s on the other hand have a contributory value within our lives: they provide us with meat and other important resources. In order to determine the boundaries between how we treat animals as pets and others simply as resources, utilitarians see these “resource animals” as tools. They contemplate the welfare significances of animals as well as the probable welfares for human-beings.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Morality]
1747 words (5 pages)
- Deontology vs. Utilitarianism: Case #1 Case: You are at home one evening with your family, when all of a sudden, a man throws open the door. He’s holding a shotgun in his hands, and he points it directly at your family. It seems he hasn’t seen you yet. You quietly and carefully retrieve the pistol your father keeps in his room for home protection. Are you morally allowed to use the pistol to kill the home invader. This case is a very difficult one because it’s not just involving you but it is involving the people you love dearest.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism]
884 words (2.5 pages)
- Throughout the realm of morality, there are three dominant theories that have prevailed: moral relativism, deontology, and utilitarianism. The esteemed Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader of the Civil Rights Movement and well renowned for his tendencies to promote nonviolence. He frequently encouraged other blacks to adhere to his path of nonviolence during this time of oppression. Through careful observation of King’s texts, it is quite evident that he conforms to deontology in his early efforts for racial quality and, in the latter part of the Civil Rights Movement, he blatantly expresses a utilitarian approach.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Utilitarianism, Intrinsic value]
2007 words (5.7 pages)
- What makes an individual evil. Are they born that way or do they become evil from past experiences. These are the questions that many people ask regarding the people in this world that are truly maleficent. In the movie, Batman: The Dark Knight, all of the main characters have a dark side to them, including Batman who is commonly known in our society as a hero. While watching the movie, viewers can see the change in Harvey Dent as he goes from being a well-respected town “hero” to a villainous figure simply because of the death of his fiancée, Rachel Dawes.... [tags: Batman, Two-Face, James Gordon, The Dark Knight]
1039 words (3 pages)
- Many Americans like to watch movies, specifically comic book based movies. Watching super heroes and villains with abnormal powers bring pleasure, excitement to numerous Americans across the country. The Joker is one of the many villains Americans enjoy watching. Movies like The Dark Knight and Batman have been created based on the Batman comic books, though, the villains in both films have a couple similarities and differences. Through analyzing both villains, it can be evident which Joker is more like the original Joker from the Batman comic books.... [tags: Batman, Two-Face, The Dark Knight, James Gordon]
1041 words (3 pages)
- ... Deontology judges the ethical motive of an action not by its consequences, merely by the reasoning behind it. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism, in the contrary, is based on the principle of utility or usefulness. Utility is what encourages an agent to act in a particular way (Tuckett, 1998). Utility can be explained as maximizing the good like pleasure and happiness and minimizing the bad like pain and evil, all leading to the greater good for all parties involved. It weights the consequences of the actions equally between the ones involved, and the ethical solution would be to follow the greater good for most if not all the parties involved.... [tags: right, wrong, morality, thics]
759 words (2.2 pages)
- Ethic is defined as a set of moral principles or values, a theory of system of moral values, the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group. In all its form, ethics deals with what is good and bad, and with moral duty and obligation. Hence, ethics is either a set of principles held by an individual or group, or the discipline that studies the set of principles (Duska, Duska, & Ragatz, 2011). Ethical theories provide principles that can be useful when solving dilemmas whereas business ethics refers to the ethical values that determine the interaction between a company and its stakeholders.... [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Deontological ethics]
1216 words (3.5 pages)
- In life, human beings are always required to make decisions and actions on certain things regardless of age, it is essential in order to live. However, the ways we act have an impact on happiness and on our lives; therefore, doing good action is believed to be the key to live well. What is considered as good actions, though. Here are some beliefs that determine good actions: utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics. They all have ideas on measurement of good actions, and despite the differences on the three ideas, they all pursue to the same goal: to be happy at the end.... [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Morality, Virtue]
1171 words (3.3 pages)
- Deontology and Utilitarianism: Ethical Theories for Nurses Ethics is not a concept that is thought about often, but it is practiced on a daily basis. Even while unconscious of the fact, people consider ethics while making every choice in life. There are many theories to which people allude, but two radically different theories that are sometimes practiced are deontology and utilitarianism. Deontology deals with actions in a situation while utilitarianism examines the consequences of those actions.... [tags: immanuel kant, philosophy]
1121 words (3.2 pages)