Genetic Engineering refers to the study of manually adding new DNA into an organism, usually to attain traits that would not normally be found in it. DNA molecules act as a basic building block to every organism. DNA could also be referred to as an enormous cookbook, with individual genes being recipes for different items. When a new gene, or recipe, becomes introduced, the host body makes the trait expressed by the new protein. Today, scientists use this method for any number of projects, ranging from creating plants with natural pesticides all the way to glow-in-the-dark cats. One of the most important and controversial experiments in genetic engineering is the ability to alter a human’s genetic makeup in order to cure diseases, even before birth. A major technique in this form of genetic engineering is CRISPR, or, “clustered regularly interspaced short palindrom...
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