Although slavery and the caste system as institutions were abolished in 1950, the legacy of classified systems based on labor and discourses of supremacy has continued in the Indian society. Moreover, the caste system’s official negation has not erased the system from...
... middle of paper ...
...solved that a subaltern can also better speak for himself or herself.
Aston, N.M. ed. Literature of Marginality: Dalit Literature and African-American Literature. New Delhi: Prestige Books, 2001.
Bandit Queen. Dir. Shekhar Kapur. Channel Four Films, 1994.
Ghosh, Bishnupriya. “The Subaltern at the Edge of the Popular.” Postcolonial Studies 8.4 (2005): 459-474. JSTOR. 12 May 2009.
Ravi, Srilata. “Marketing Devi: Indian Women in French Imagination” Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 19 (1999): 131-150. JSTOR. 14 April 2008.
Sen, Mala. India’s Bandit Queen: The True Story of Phoolan Devi. 1991. Harper Collins Publishers India, 1993.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture. Eds. Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1988.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- One section of our society that has attracted the great attention of various scholars and activists during the last decade are the abased people who call themselves ‘Dalits’. The word ‘Dalit’ hails from Sanskrit language, meaning, suppressed, crushed, ground or broken to pieces. Gandhi Ji coined the word Harijans meaning ‘Children of God’ as a way of reverentially identifying the untouchables. The term ‘Scheduled Castes’ and Scheduled Tribes’ are the official terms used by Indian government documents to identify the untouchables and tribes.... [tags: social issues, sanskrit language]
2225 words (6.4 pages)
- In the age of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization terms like post-colonialism, ‘post modernism,’ ‘subaltern,’ ‘hybridity,’ ‘hegemony’ resound in the halls of contemporary academic seminars and conferences. These concepts are to be comprehended in terms of their impact on literature. Furthermore, several post-structuralist theories like Feminism, Marxism, marginalization-subversion of hegemonic discourse, pluralism and heterogeneity have contributed to the growth of literatures by Red Indians in Canada, Blacks in Africa, Aborigines in Australia, and Dalits in India.... [tags: dalit literature, discrimination, poverty]
1184 words (3.4 pages)
- Sharan Kumar Limbale’s novel ‘Hindu’ is a significant addition to the process of reformulating a new aesthetic rubric of Dalit literature. Moving away consciously from the mode of sentimentality, binaries and universality, Limbale’s novel attempts to negotiate a new artistic vocabulary for the Dalits in a fast changing world where old certainties are vanishing at a mind numbing pace. ArunPrabha Mukherjee,in her introduction to the novel points towards the significant departure that Limbale’s novel articulates, by undermining several practices of burgeois narrative technique.... [tags: sharan kumar limbale, dalit literature]
1902 words (5.4 pages)
- The globalization and the subsequent flourishing of ‘englishes’ have dismantled the monolith of ‘the’ English Literary Canon by bringing into effect ‘new’ literatures and various interdisciplinary principles and approaches that have in way effected a ‘re-ordering’ of the existing order . In such a moment of paradigmatic shifts – especially in the wake of the postcolonial theories and the subaltern studies - the emergence of the Dalit Literature/s provides ample scope for examining the ‘politics of representation’.... [tags: literature, writing, existence]
2963 words (8.5 pages)
- Fourth world nations are obviously conscious reflections of the unfinished history which continues to assert the spirit of self-determinism of the millions of the displaced ones who constantly engage themselves in a struggle for justice and freedom in order to gain such a degree of sovereignty over their own national homeland for restoring their right to dignity and self-respect . These nations are conveniently called ‘internationally unrecognized’ nations. The term ‘fourth world’ which came into being in 1974 with the publication of George Manuel’s The Fourth World: An Indian Reality tends to accommodate all sorts of indigenous peoples descended from a country’s aboriginal population... [tags: Fourth world, indigenous people]
2374 words (6.8 pages)
- The novels of Bama, the Tamil - Dalit writer, challenge the hegemony of the narratives of oppression as the default frame of reference in dalit-feminist discourses. They articulate the lived experience of caste and explore the new dimensions of the battles of the Dalit woman. Bama’s Sangati analyses Dalits women's oppression by double patriarchies –the covert patriarchal stance subsumed within the gender relations of their own community and the overt patriarchal system of the upper castes. Absolute power rests with men in the community and in the institutions led by them - the caste courts, the Church, the panchayats.... [tags: oppression, Bama, women, identity]
1658 words (4.7 pages)
- ... If even a shadow of an untouchable touched a Brahmin, they would be polluted; so untouchables were forced to lay face down, a ways away, whenever a Brahmin passed by. There were also other smaller social classes besides the main four in the caste system; these included Bhumihar who were the landowners, Kayastha, or scribes, and the Rajput who are the northern portion of the Kshatriya. Some of the other specific occupations in this system included the Garudi, who were snake charmers and the Sonjhari, who spent their time collecting gold from river beds.... [tags: Indian cast system]
1463 words (4.2 pages)
- Literature in Life Literature is the expressed influence of communities and the individuals in societies. Literature spans culture, beliefs, and attributes the necessary component for corroborating how literature reflects, and portrays communities. The language from literature helps gives culture explanation of live in different society. Literature that is defined by the culture aspect, gives details about such fascinating and affluent information or context. Certain works, and words used in literature can help the reader understand and describe the sense of the community being read in the story.... [tags: Literature]
1157 words (3.3 pages)
- Pulitzer Prize winner, Barbara Tuchman, once said, “[b]ooks are the carriers of civilization. Without books, history is silent, literature is dumb, science crippled, thought and speculation at a standstill.” Just like Barbara has mentioned in her quote, literature always have reflected the historical event that was happening on the time the books were written. For instance, expansion of Christianity and the belief of immortal life through being a hero on their own epic, during Anglo-Saxon period is shown on the famous epic; Beowulf.... [tags: Literature]
997 words (2.8 pages)
- There are many different elements of fiction. While takes several forms to make the writing interesting, conflict in literature can make the story interesting. Readers often relate to the characters in a story, poem, or play because it provokes the imagination, creates hope for the future, and confidence to live life. The conflict can be between two people or an inner conflict. Robert Frost "Road not Taken" the conflict is an inner conflict and in "The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin and "Shiloh" by Bobbie Ann Mason the conflict is between two characters.... [tags: Literature]
1594 words (4.6 pages)