Essay on Cystic Hygrom

Essay on Cystic Hygrom

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Cystic Hygroma can be caused by Turner syndrome which is a genetic condition in which a female does not have the usual pair of two X chromosomes. The normal amount of chromosomes in a human are 46. These chromosomes contains DNA and genes which are the bodies building blocks. The sex chromosomes determine whether the baby is a girl or boy. Females normally have two X chromosomes while males have one X and one Y chromosome. With Turner syndrome, cells are missing part or all of an X chromosome. This condition only occurs in females and most commonly they only have one X chromosome. Others may have two X chromosomes but one is not completely developed. Sometimes when there are two X chromosomes, but other cells have only one. There are possible symptoms found in infants such as, swollen hands and feet and also a wide or webbed neck. As the female gets older they show more characteristics such as the absents or incomplete development of puberty, broad and flat chested, drooping eyelids, dry eyes, and short heights. Females with Turner syndrome can have a normal live as long as they are carefully monitored by a doctor (MedlinePlus).
Cystic Hygroma can also be caused by Down syndrome. Down syndrome occurs when a chromosome have a partial or full extra copy of chromosome 21. This extra genetic material alters the development and causes characteristics of Down syndrome. Some common traits are low muscle tone, small structure, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm. Although each person can have a unique quality and may posses these characteristics differently or not at all. “One in every 691 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome, making Down syndrome the most common genetic ...

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Mirza, Bilal, Lubna Ijaz, Muhammad Saleem, Muhammad Sharif, and Afzal Sheikh. "Abstract." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 01 Mar. 0006. Web. 25 Mar. 2014.
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