Cystic Fibrosis is a lung disease caused by a mutated gene. This gene called the CFTR gene causes a protein to not allow salt or water to flow through a cell properly. This produces a thick, sticky mucus to collect in the lungs and other organs. In order for a person to get this disease, the parents both have to be carriers of this disease. Usually a person is diagnosed within the first year of life. In the United States 1 in 2,500 to 3,500 Caucasian Americans, 1 in 17,000 African-Americans, and 31,000 Asian-Americans will have this disease.
A parent might notice differences in their child if they have this disease. As a baby, a child’s skin may taste salty when kissed, or not be able to have bowel movements at first. As the child progresses in age persistent coughing, at least 3 times as often than an unaffected person, common infections, and poor growth or weight. Later in life, ducts in the liver, the biliary tract and the pancreas are affected. These blocked ducts reduce the secretion of digestive enzymes and disrupt the breakdown of the absorption of food. Some ways to tell if a person has cystic fibrosis is to do a number of tests. These test are necessary because a person with cystic fibrosis does not look sick from the outside, they look healthy. Blood tests, lung function tests, sweat tests, and chest x-rays are the most common types of diagnosis procedures.
Blood tests will show that there is a mutated gene. Lung function tests will show how well the capacity of lungs are. If the FEC1/FVC (Expiratory volume-one second/ Forced Vital Capacity) is equal to or greater than 80% the patient is in normal range. Sweat tests show a high chloride level because of the salt in the cells. Chest x-rays show the flu...
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... cause. Many of these events are held all year round. This helps to create a constant flow of support and funding. This allows the laboratories to work on medications and research throughout the length of the year. With so many people, this disease is the most supported disease in the world besides HIV/AIDS.
In Conclusion, cystic fibrosis is a dangerous, uncured, and widespread disease. Treatments and medications are available to lessen the effects of the disease, but they will not always keep the disease at bay. It is important to be aware of the risks and dangers. The more people are aware of this disease the more likely scientists and medical specialists may find a breakthrough in the cure. This would save many people in the world from dying young. That is why many of the people with this disease try to live life to the fullest and make everyday special for them.
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