Cystic Fibrosis : A Genetic Disease Essay

Cystic Fibrosis : A Genetic Disease Essay

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Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects many people today. It takes over a person’s whole life to survive this disease. To survive, people who suffer with Cystic Fibrosis need constant care of this disease. Cystic fibrosis is disorder that is inherited and causes severe damage to the lungs and digestive system. Cystic fibrosis changes the cells that make mucus, sweat and digestive juices. These fluids that are secreted are normally thin and slippery. A defective gene causes the secretions to become thick and sticky. The secretions plug up tubes, ducts and airways in the lungs and pancreas. (Cystic fibrosis)
In cystic fibrosis, a defect changes a protein in the body. This protein regulates the movement of salt in and out of cells. The result of this change is thick mucus in the respiratory and digestive system. (Cystic fibrosis) The gene mutation is associated with the severity of the condition. Children have to inherit one copy of the gene from each parent in order to have Cystic Fibrosis. If children inherit only one copy, they won 't develop cystic fibrosis, but will be carriers and possibly pass the gene to their own children. (Cystic fibrosis)
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that reduces the life expectancy of the people that are affected. This is common in Caucasians and affects 1 in 3,200 Caucasians. The mutation in the gene varies according to the geographical background. Cystic fibrosis occurs in one out of every 15,000 African-American births. The life expectancy of cystic fibrosis patients has been increasing over the past 40 years. (Pinkerton) Every newborn in the United States is tested for cystic fibrosis. Early diagnosis means treatment can begin immediately. A blood sample is taken...


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...mes a day. A doctor may want the patient to be included in pulmonary rehabilitation. This rehabilitation will try to create healthier lungs and a better sense of well-being. This rehabilitation includes exercise training, nutritional counseling, breathing techniques, psychological counseling, and group support. Invasive procedures are available if the patient is a candidate for it. Nasal polyp removal is available to remove nasal polyps that obstruct breathing. An endoscopy can be used to suction mucus from airway and lungs. A lung transplant can be available if the breathing problems of a cystic fibrosis patient are very severe. Cystic Fibrosis will not recur in transplanted lungs. It patient follows treatment, the life expectancy will be 37 to 40 years. If treatment is not done or not done properly, the patient will soon drown in their own mucus. (Cystic Fibrosis)

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