Cyber Threats And Its Impact On The United States Department Of Defenses Advanced Research Projects

Cyber Threats And Its Impact On The United States Department Of Defenses Advanced Research Projects

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Cyber threats have evolved and grown in nature, and complexity, in recent decades; and the intensity increases with each passing day. With advances in technology growing by leaps and bounds, cyber laws become even more important due to ethical and Biblical principles, and the very real threat to mankind.
History
The Internet’s beginnings stemmed from the US Department of Defenses Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). ARPNET, developed by ARPA in 1969, was the first stable link between multiple computers. This occurred ten years after the first conceptual network architectural models which were initiated by Paul Baran and Donald Davies (History, 2014, p. 1, para 3). During the 1960’s and 1970’s ARPA was a primary source of funding for research and development in computer technologies. Computers were extremely expensive to construct and operate. A user who wished to access multiple terminals and information had to physically travel to the site of each computer. The concept of a world-wide computer network in which computer terminals would be linked and allow anyone with access to a terminal the ability to access and send information to other computers and users was developed through the vision, and a series of articles, by J.C.R. Licklider in 1962-1963. While working at ARPA, he shared his vision with his colleagues who would later realize elements of his ‘Galactic Network’ that led to the development of ARPNET (para 4).
In 1966, packet switching became a breakthrough in communications due to the efforts of Lawrence Roberts building upon the concept of a computer network developed by J.C.R. Licklider and Leonard Kleinrock. Roberts developed the first plan for ARPANET in 1967, and with the help of his colleagues, i...


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... month (qtd in Greenwald, 2015).
Summary and Conclusion
Since the conception of the Internet, cybercrime has increased exponentially. Computers have given criminals a new tool with which to exploit individuals, businesses, and the government, and made it much harder for them to be apprehended. Adhering to the 5 Ps of online security can make a safer web experience. Cyber-security experts are working diligently to flush hackers and cyberterrorists out of our digital systems. Cybercrime is a global problem, which makes it difficult to trace a criminal, and when caught, establish jurisdiction. Government officials are working diligently to discover ways to catch these criminals. With the advent of new legislation, and harsher punishments for those found guilty of cybercrimes, one can only hope that the world of technology can become a safer part people’s lives.

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