Strategic management refers to an informed decision to select policies, capacity development and manager’s interpretation of the environment which seeks to direct all efforts of an organization towards achieving a defined set of objectives (Hoggett, 2006). A perfect example in the public sector context is crime rate reduction strategy.
There are a number of managerial strategies that public administration can utilize to effect positive change and advance the quality of public service; strategic planning is one such approach. Amongst the most accepted definitions, planning refers to what management does today in order to prepare the organization for tomorrow (Boyne, G., 2004). According to Cohen and Eimicke, (1996) the role of a strategy is to delineate resources which can eventually prove useful in meeting specific future needs. More often, this strategy formulation begins when certain objectives to be accomplished are identified and appropriate methodology thereafter designed to achieve them, with deliberate regard to specific available resourc...
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...ges that need to made, implementation, management, and charting a route that will espouse the requisite transformation (McInerney, R. & Barrows, D. , n.d.). Such can be seen in the case of “Affirmative Action” wherein certain strategies should have been effected and course set to develop the programs, structures, mechanisms in accord with the transmutation of policies. Likewise with the events that transpired in Abu Ghraib, subject to a more holistic eye, the organizational structure would have been a benefactor of both planning and reengineering managerial strategies. The broad arena of public administration commissioned with a complex regulatory environment is best served by having effective public managers, with their willingness to work around constraints, eliminate unnecessary and wasteful measures, and advocate for the greater good of the community it serves.
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